Home Page of George Eby Is Navicular Disease in Horses Curable with Gallium Nitrate? Yes, if treatment is started sufficiently early zzzxxxaaa111!!!

Is Navicular Disease in Horses Curable using Gallium Nitrate?

Yes, if treatment is started sufficiently early - with lameness controlled in serious cases

Copyright 1996 - 2015 G. Eby

by George Eby
George Eby Research Institute, Austin, Texas.
revision date: May 24, 2015



SAVE YOUR HORSE!         PURCHASE GALLIUM NITRATE NOW!         HERE! http://galliumnitrate.com

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Veterinary journal article Oral Gallium Nitrate Restores Soundness in Horses with Navicular Disease - A Pilot Study
Home & Garden TV - Outback America video segment on Don Dee's and Sharpe's underground stable (23 MB)
Medical journal article about gallium and arthritis published! See article here
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Frequently Asked Questions
What else is gallium nitrate good for?

Is navicular disease curable?

From our experimental results, with appropriate Gallium treatment, absolutely yes for early stages of the disease. Even the most severe and otherwise lethal case respond to gallium nitrate treatment by going sound within a few months. However, from a historical (and veterinarian perspective), it has not been. For example, steel egg bar shoes, more upright shoeing (but not too much) possibly with corrective shoeing were the best bets in the early stages, with nerving performed in the later stages. Correct farrier techniques remain indispensable. There are some who say that incorrect shoeing causes navicular disease. Although this is likely true, I think navicular disease is more of an environmental degradation problem.

However, without appropriate gallium nitrate treatment, the disease is degenerative, worsens progressively, and eventually, the navicular diseased horse becomes no longer useful, remains a cripple for the rest of its life, is nervetomized or is euthanized. Appropriate gallium nitrate treatment, as described below, is the only known means of restoring most navicular diseased horses to health. For example, after 8 years of treatment with gallium nitrate, my horse Don Dee, has responded by having no further degradation observed in 2004 than he had in 1997. See 2003 letter from his latest veterinarian here.

The navicular bone of a horse acts as a fulcrum over which flexor tendons from the back of the leg attach to the coffin bone in the foot. This fulcrum is subject to both compressive and surface shear forces, perhaps not exceeded by any other bone in the horse. That navicular disease (osteomalacia) of the navicular bone in horses starts as result of a trauma, over-exertion, malnutrition and combinations is generally accepted as causal. The navicular bone is also the least vascularized bone in the horse. Often blood thinners are given supposedly to improve circulation, however, evidence has been published that these blood thinners do little or nothing for the disease. There is often much swelling of the flexor tendon.

It is fair to question if there is only one type of navicular disease, and the evidence suggests that there is much we do not understand.

NOTE: The following text (down to FAQs) was written between 1996 and about 2002 and it mainly shows the theoretical reasons why I first tested gallium nitrate against navicular disease. It was based upon a relationship between gallium (beneficial to bone/joints) and aluminum (harmful to bone/joint). The theory was simple. Add enough gallium to displace aluminum, an effect that would occur due to their extremely close physical and chemical properties, thus if aluminum was the problem, it would be displaced and benefits would occur. In about 2002, the notion that gallium nitrate was a "bone resorption inhibitor" was added. Yet, neither of these two effects can explain the full benefits clearly observed using gallium nitrate to treat navicular disease. It was not until people convinced me in about 2003 that gallium nitrate was good for human arthritis that I made a diligent search for more reasons to explain the full spectrum of benefits of gallium nitrate for bone/joint benefit. Since navicular disease is a bone/joint problem very similar to arthritis, I believe that the benefits are the same. Actually, navicular disease is a bit more difficult to treat than arthritis. Rather than describe these benefits fully on this page, they are explained in my medical journal article on gallium and arthritis, which is located here. Veterinarians, physicians and scientists will want to examine the list of benefits and effects of gallium nitrate in the Discussion section, and see the thorough discussion of the effects of gallium by Larry Bernstein (Mechanisms of Therapeutic Activity for Gallium) in my reference number 14. Also, in the FAQs of this current article, there is a list of other benefits of gallium nitrate, which is very broad and is likely to increase much further. Briefly, gallium nitrate seems beneficial in any condition ending in "itis". We just haven't had the time to develop the list as far as it will go. The latest to be added to the list was "tunnel carpel" syndrome, even though it doesn't end in "itis". Look at other benefits here.

On the other hand, hundreds of recent reports from cancer research show that positively charged, trivalent Aluminum ions AL (III) are one important, previously unrecognized cause of bone resorption and osteomalacia (bone softening, crushing, and breaking) and in particular, it is the cause of surface bone loss. This change occurs in all mature vertebrates not associated with Vitamin D deficiency.

AL (III) in bone causes bone pain and proximal myopathy (disorders of adjoining muscles and tissues) in all vertebrate species tested. (REF. 1)

In blood chemistry experiments at Cornell Veterinary Clinic with mature ponies, a basal amount of 336 parts per million (ppm) Aluminum was naturally found in feed consisting of one third each of oats, beet pulp, and a commercial pelleted, complete horse ration. Between the basal amount of Aluminum and the diet supplemented to 1370 ppm Aluminum, there was little difference in effect on absorption, retention and pathway excretion of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron and copper. (REF. 2)

However, the ponies fed the same diet containing 4500 ppm Aluminum were in negative phosphorus balance because phosphorus absorption was greatly suppressed. Calcium absorption was unaffected by 4500 ppm Aluminum intake from their food, but the ponies were in negative calcium balance due to the their greater urinary excretion of calcium. Presumably, calcium was excreted in urine because it was not being utilized in the formation of bone crystals because of the lack of phosphate. Plasma calcium was always elevated and plasma phosphorus was always depressed when ponies were fed the 4500 ppm Aluminum diet. Plasma hydroxyproline concentration was increased with high Aluminum intake showing bone turnover was increased due to Aluminum effects on phosphorus and calcium metabolism. Magnesium, zinc, iron and copper metabolism were unaffected by Aluminum intake. (REF. 2)

The similarities between bone disorders caused by AL (III) ion in man, laboratory animals and ponies, and navicular disease in horses sound strikingly similar, and offer for the first time ever, real hope for a either stopping the degenerative process or possibly even a cure (restoration of the navicular bone to normalcy).

Why Aluminum now? Aluminum is the third most abundant element on the surface of the Earth. It has been held captive in rock biologically unavailable for 3 billion years. Now, industrialization has resulted in acid rains that have decreased the pH of lake waters to the point where AL (III) ion is leached out of rocks and soil. AL (III) ion is so toxic that fish can live in acidic water, but not in equally acidic water with 5 micro Mol/L of Aluminum ion. (REF. 3)

All vertebrate species, including man and horses, can pick up biologically available AL (III) ion from plants and grasses contaminated with Aluminum leached from rock by acid rain. In humans, tea from plants grown in acidic soil is believed to be a prime cause of osteoporosis and dementia ranging from Parkinson's disease to Alzheimer's disease, but only when citric acid (lemon or lime juice) is added and consumed regularly over a number of years. Adding milk to tea detoxifies Aluminum. Aluminum (III) ion has no biological role in vertebrate life-forms, and is always considered to be a cytotoxin, bone toxin and a neurotoxin. Clinical signs of AL (III) ion toxicity in humans are vitamin D-resistant osteomalacia, iron adequate microcytic anemia, and dialysis dementia. (REF. 3)

In horses, a symptom of AL (III) neurotoxicity has been suggested by Henry Heymering RJF, of Cascade, MD, to be an intolerance to gentle petting, or rubbing, while tolerating well hard slaps on the neck. This symptom has been reported by others and is also my observation. I have found it to reverse after about a year of treatment with gallium nitrate. Henry has found toxic levels of Aluminum in hair samples of several navicular horses, but also in several non-navicular horses. (REF. 4) It is suggested that a finding of toxic concentration of Aluminum in hair samples taken near the base of the hair in non-navicular horses should be interpreted as a necessary pre-condition for development of Aluminum ion-induced navicular disease.

Aluminum is a group IIIa element under boron in the periodic table of the elements. In some complex boron-containing biomolecules, boron prevents bone resorption in laboratory animals, exactly the reverse of Aluminum, and similar to Gallium, although no testing has been done in treating navicular disease.

Below Aluminum in the periodic table is Gallium, a liquid metal at room temperature. Gallium, in considerable excess over Aluminum, effectively competes with Aluminum for absorption in bone and beneficially displaces Aluminum; similar to the way that immunoregulatory zinc replaces carcinogenic cadmium from tobacco smoke in lung tissue.

According to Raymond P. Warrell, Jr., M.D., previously of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, elemental Gallium and its various compounds are potent inhibitors of bone resorption that act to maintain and restore bone mass in all vertebrate species. By virtue of these biological effects, Gallium compounds (mainly gallium nitrate) are useful treatments for a variety of human diseases that are characterized by accelerated bone loss, including cancer-related hypercalcemia (including multiple myeloma, and breast cancer), bone metastases, Paget's disease, and postmenopausal osteoporosis. (REF. 5) See his 1987 on-line article here. A web site for nurses concerning uses of intravenous gallium nitrate (GaniteR) administration as an antihypercalcemic agent suggests that it produces its hypocalcemic effect by inhibiting calcium resorption from bone, perhaps by reducing disease produced increased bone turnover. Information from Med Line Plus Health Service concerning gallium nitrate injectable is also available. Based upon our pioneering work with oral gallium nitrate in horses, Dr. Warrell has started an oral program of gallium nitrate (GaniteR) for humans.

Another inhibitor of bone resorption, tiludronate has been used somewhat effectively to treat recent onset navicular disease in horses (symptoms began within 2 to 6 months of treatment), but not for chronic navicular disease (symptoms for more than 6 months prior to treatment). Tiludronate is one of the bisphosphonates. See the full article here (10 MB PDF). Dr. Warrell tested another bisphosphonate, (etidronate), and found gallium nitrate superior. Consequently, there is precedent for using agents that restore calcium to bone in the treatment of navicular disease. Unfortunately, tiludronate has been reported as toxic and is administered only in a veterinary hospital, and it is less effective than gallium nitrate. Gallium nitrate is also a potent anti-inflammatory also, making it vastly superior. Dr. Warrell also tested another bisphosphonate, pamidronate; APD, and found similar results to tiludronate.

Injected gallium nitrate in appropriate dosages is considered a highly effective agent in reducing accelerated bone loss in both cancer and metabolic bone disease and in restoration of lost bone mass in humans when administered by qualified physicians, usually oncologists. Gallium nitrate lowers blood hypercalcemia into the normal range, resulting in a marked reduction in urinary calcium. It causes a higher accretion rate of radio-labeled calcium into bone, showing that gallium nitrate enhances mineralization of newly forming bone rather than simply acting to decrease physiologic resorption. Gallium concentrates in the metabolically active metaphysis (bone end), and notably in the epiphyseal region of bones along with calcium, restoring bone strength. (REF. 5)

Although Dr. Warrell was unfamiliar with navicular disease in horses, he suggested to me by telephone in August of 1995, that any specie with bone calcium loss would likely benefit from 0.2-mg to 2.0-mg anhydrous gallium nitrate per pound of body weight, with the high dosage used to initiate treatment and lower dose being used for maintenance. (We use 5.0 mg per pound in horses.)

Pure (anhydrous) gallium nitrate is an oxidizer and corrosive and, like potassium nitrate, could be used as an oxidizer in making an expensive gunpowder. Even so, I have soaked cotton rags in strong gallium nitrate aqueous solutions and found that either wet or dry, the rags were no more combustible than untreated rags. Since pure gallium nitrate is an oxidizer (like potassium nitrate), it is unlikely that gallium nitrate can be successfully and safely added to commercial feeds without microencapsulation and stored for long periods of time. I have placed a few crystals of pure gallium nitrate in nitric acid in an aluminum foil container, and they promptly melted a hole in the aluminum and fell through. The crystals are hazardous to both people, animals, plants and aluminum metal.

Extending human and laboratory animal findings to horses is a significant step. No horse, to my knowledge - other than my 14-year old, dearly loved 17-hand thoroughbred gelding, Don Dee, (severe navicular disease with lollipops and cones in left front foot and other changes, and the beginning of navicular changes in the right front foot) had previously been treated with gallium nitrate for navicular disease. Starting May 15, 1997, he was treated for one year with improvement in bone density on X-ray examination in the first year. He became increasingly sound after the first few weeks of treatment, and was fully sound in a few months. In the Fall of 2004, he remains sound. However, over the past 7 years there have been several relapses, which vanished using a standard dose for two weeks and no further treatment of any kind other than proper shoeing. He always becomes lame when farriers fit him with Aluminum shoes. Many owners of navicular horses report to me that their horses became lame when fitted with aluminum shoes. In our previous 7 years experience with gallium nitrate, no horse has gone sound until the aluminum shoes had been removed for 3 to 6 weeks.

Don Dee ridden by professional dressage trainer and rider, John Zopatti, of Wellington, Florida - 1997

By Spring of 2004, treatment with 500 ml of 1.0% gallium nitrate solution for navicular disease had been tried by about 2500 horse owners (plus 500 others using crystalline gallium nitrate previously supplied by others) with great success, and only a few people have told me of failures. This comes out to more than 50,000 daily doses used with no reported evidence of toxicity. There is every reason to believe that this treatment will become the standard for which all other treatments for navicular disease are measured. In my opinion, judging from the results observed, all other drug treatments for navicular disease are fools-play.

Consequently, I ran a research trial using 500 ml of the 1.0% gallium nitrate in water which is now over.

Our (100 owners and myself) research appears to be the first to document the effects of oral gallium nitrate in horses. Consequently, until this trial was complete, no data using gallium nitrate for navicular disease had been collected. Those results are found at http://naviculardisease.com

Doses were not given for longer than 14 days each month, because high, prolonged, continuous doses for over a year has been associated with kidney damage in humans from use of IV administration. On the other hand, those side effects may have resulted from concurrent use of strong chemotherapeutic drugs for lymphoma. Therefore, a theoretical possibility for side effects exists in treating horses exists, but no side effects of any kind have been observed, except for excessive exuberance during turnout. Also, the human drug was administered intravenously which causes it to be nearly immediately excreted via the kidneys with reversible damage to kidneys resulting, which was repaired with re-hydration.

Using the oral route, very little Gallium shows up in urine according to scientists using Gallium maltolate to study several cancers in humans by Titan Pharmaceuticals. According to Titan, most if not all is excreted via the feces, thus avoiding to a great extent any possible kidney damage. Gallium preferentially settles in inflamed tissues that we want to treat with Gallium and not in healthy tissues, and our pilot study results do not show a significant lessening of effect during the 14 days off treatment.

X-ray exams of the navicular bone in all navicular horses were suggested to be performed before beginning treatment to provide a base line point. Again X-rays at day 365 days of treatment were suggested, with the objective of determining increases in bone density not repair of diseased navicular bone, which may occur later as in the observed case of a filled-in cyst. However, recent observations by veterinarians show that if the injury is not old and consolidated, bone restoration is occurring. Even so, the navicular bone is similar to human skull bone, and neither mends like leg bones. On the other hand, early navicular bone changes usually disappear completely after three-month therapy with gallium nitrate. This response might not be explained by repair of bones by gallium nitrate, and is most likely explained by an anti-inflammatory effect of gallium nitrate on flexor tendons under and around the navicular bone and in the navicular bursa, reducing injury to bone and allowing bone to heal.

Remember: "AL (III) in bone causes bone pain and proximal myopathy (disorders of adjoining muscles and tissues) in all vertebrate species tested. (REF. 1)"

Experience over the last 10 years confirms that lameness disappears much sooner than complete bone recalcification (as per the human model), consequently, training and work should be limited until the horse has been sound for a few months. Experience with Don Dee suggested that dressage work while on gallium nitrate is not injurious. Other riders have jumped their gallium nitrate-treated navicular horses four-foot six-inches in professional jumper contests after a few months of treatment with no lameness being observed before, during or after the jumping. However, I consider that risky!

Considering the encouraging human clinical, in vitro, laboratory animal, and pony evidence, the big question now is: Will gallium nitrate stop the progression of navicular disease? Yes, of this I am absolutely certain.. I am certain it is by far the best bet ever, or I would not have tried it on my own beloved horse, Don Dee, first. Gallium nitrate seems to work as hypothesized for navicular problems without apparent side effects. It seems to prevent and reverse (in early stage navicular syndrome) this miserable and devastating affliction. Not everything is understood about this disease or gallium nitrate treatment. Some horses have, for many years, had horrible navicular X-rays and remained completely sound with no treatment. Others show navicular lameness with no observable changes on X-ray. Gallium nitrate does not within a year, and perhaps not within two years repair well established, old navicular bone lesions. Regardless, gallium nitrate may increase navicular bone density, has eliminated early on-set navicular changes, and has terminated lameness in most cases observed to date when properly used. In one case a cyst completely disappeared.

It is emotionally and financially attractive to stop treatment once the horse goes sound. If this results in a mistake, and lameness reoccurs, starting full dose gallium nitrate treatment for three months followed by half-dose daily gallium nitrate for many months or years usually is sufficient to terminate - again - the lameness.

As previously stated, gallium nitrate treatment in early navicular syndrome appears usually curative, reversing the early changes seen on X-ray. With advanced navicular bone disease, there may be no cure, but complete relief from lameness and life extension and normalized utility is usually possible with gallium nitrate treatment given for many years.

Gallium III ions, from gallium nitrate, at sufficiently high dosage appear to be extremely powerful anti-inflammatory agents having many uses beyond elimination of toxic Aluminum ions. It may be the most anti-inflammatory substance ever tested. Radioactive Gallium citrate has been used to locate malignant tumors and inflamed tissues for over 25 years in nuclear medicine. It preferentially accumulates and remains for a long time in those tissues. Gallium ions are also known to affect some T-cell lymphocyte subpopulations and the cytokines released during inflammation. However, the exact mechanism of its anti-inflammatory effects in horses remains the subject of laboratory research. When used in much higher doses than the tiny microgram amounts used in nuclear medicine for diagnostic purposes, Gallium ions appear to have an extremely strong anti-inflammatory action. An inflamed tendon beneath the navicular bone has been shown to be reduced very rapidly by gallium nitrate treatment of navicular disease. The anti-inflammatory effect and long residence time in inflamed tissues are very useful in treating most, but not all, inflammatory disorders in animals and humans. Doses identical to those used to treat navicular disease have also been useful in treating laminitis, coffin bone separation and founder in several cases each. Additionally, fourteen percent gallium nitrate solutions as a topical rub have been used to reduce both equine and human leg inflammation (tendonitis) due to impact injury by about 80% within 30 to 45 minutes. With four additional 30 minute gallium nitrate rubs, all visible tendonitis swelling was eliminated within several days.

One may wonder if Aluminum horse shoes contribute to navicular disease. The answer is unproven, and is a question that only research will be able to answer - but I think yes - absolutely YES! For example, if the horse with aluminum shoes stands in water with a pH of less than 6, (a clearly possible mildly acidic pH for ground and lake water as well as urine-soaked (salty and acidic) stall floors), metallic AL (III) ions can form and will be harmful to bone. Considering the evidence, I decided to neither shoe my horses with Aluminum shoes nor knowingly permit Aluminum contamination of the ground they walk on, or use Aluminum feed or water containers. It occurs to me that steel horseshoe nails in contact with Aluminum shoes creates an Aluminum-Iron battery creating an electrical field capable of moving AL (III) into the foot. This is not conjecture, and the biophysics is totally sound and absolutely correct.

What does Lasagna have to do with Navicular disease? NOTHING! But, there is something called a "Lasagna Cell" according to Wikipedia, which is the battery that forms when one cooks salty lasagna in a steel pan and covers it with aluminum foil. The electrical current that is formed eats holes in the aluminum foil where the lasagna touches the aluminum foil. This occurs in about an hour attesting to the high voltage occurring in the aluminum-iron battery. The lasagna ends up with aluminum deposition in it. This is exactly the same idea as I propose to be a principal cause of navicular disease.

We do know from our trial results that navicular horses shod with aluminum shoes did not become sound until 3 to 6 weeks after the aluminum shoes were removed.

Since Don Dee has lived his last 9 years in the alkaline (pH 9+) soils of the Texas hill country and he is not exposed to wet stall conditions, formation of Aluminum ion in his feet is considered unlikely. Consequently, I foolishly elected in 2003 to use Aluminum wedge shoes to improve hoof angles on the strong advice of Don Dee's highly experienced farrier. Don Dee became moderately lame after several weeks, and I replaced the Aluminum wedge shoes with flat steel shoes immediately. Lameness disappeared within 3 weeks of gallium nitrate treatment, even though the steel shoes are flat and do not have the optimal angle theoretically needed by Don Dee. My strong feeling is that most horses with navicular disease, but without symptoms, are hypersensitive to Aluminum, and they will develop navicular disease pain. In my opinion, Aluminum shoes should never be used in a navicular diseased horse, whether or not the horse has foot pain. If wedge shoes are needed, I recommend finding a farrier that will custom make steel wedge shoes, and not use Aluminum shoes.

Remember: "AL (III) in bone causes bone pain and proximal myopathy (disorders of adjoining muscles and tissues) in all vertebrate species tested. (REF. 1)"

Another principal concern of mine about shoes is that the horse not land toe-first. Toe-first landing can be evidenced by watching for dirt being kicked up. Horses that land toe-first will develop foot problems. These problems must be addressed by your farrier.

Feeds based primarily upon oat and wheat bran can result in calcium deficiencies and a loss of bone mass, particularly in young horses. A number of bone disorders result, as well as tendon contraction. Why? Each contains contain phytate or phytic acid which bind calcium and some other minerals, thus making many ingested minerals biologically unavailable. Consequently, the calcium/phosphate balance is damaged and bone diseases develop. (6) In areas where adequate calcium can be obtained from soils such as limestone, the problem should not be as severe or may not occur. The British Horse Society book warns: "Oats have a poor calcium to phosphorous ratio so, if fed alone, it must be supplemented by ground limestone to balance the minerals". (7) Leslie Law, a top British horse trials competitor writes in the book CROSS-COUNTRY MASTERCLASS compiled by journalist and event rider Debby Sly concerning feeding, "All of the horses in our yard have certain supplements in their evening feed, namely a half teaspoon of limestone flower, ..." My attitude about feeding horses a diet primarily of oats is clear and simple. DON'T DO IT.

The best soils for horses' feet are limestone soils such as those found in the Bluegrass region of Kentucky, the hill country of Texas, Tennessee, Arkansas, Ireland and other places where these ancient sea beds are now exposed. Limestone is a sedimentary rock that consists primarily of calcium carbonate from the exoskeletons, skeletons, and shells of ancient sea-life. Also, caliche is an accumulation of soft calcium carbonate in dust to gravel size at or near the soil surface. It also may contain dolomite (calcium magnesium carbonate) and other minerals (especially magnesium) in trace to low amounts. Recovery from navicular disease requires (in addition to gallium nitrate) an adequate supply of these vital skeleton forming minerals (especially balanced amounts of calcium and magnesium).

Incidentally, I have experimented with another horse with zinc dietary supplements to treat anorexia (no appetite to the extent of loosing significant weight), and magnesium for emotional instability. Don Dee never had these problems, but his full brother Sharpe did. Update, the anorexia was vanquished using 120 mg zinc daily from zinc gluconate. Recently, we started to supplement our horses' diets with flaxseed, which greatly increased their appetites. The health benefits of flaxseed are known to be enormous, and apparently the horse recognizes flaxseed as important due to their ravenous appetite for it.

To eliminate ammonia from urine soaked stall bedding use sodium bicarbonate sprinkled over the bedding (baking soda) - never use lime. Lime is extremely caustic and useful mainly to dissolve flesh from bone in rendering plants, and to disinfect outhouse waste. Limed stall floors will cause injury to the horse's feet. Long term use of sodium bicarbonate on stall floors usually results in stalls that have no (zero) foul odor.


(1) Alfrey Allen C., MD. (1995) Toxicity of detrimental metal ions - Aluminum. (Guy Berthon, editor), Handbook of Metal-Ligand Interactions Biological Fluids - Bioinorganic Medicine, Volume 2, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pages 735 - 742.

(2) H.F. Schryver DVM, D.L. Millis DVM, J. Williams DVM, and H.F. Hintz DVM. Metabolism of some essential minerals in ponies fed high levels of Aluminum. Cornell Vet. 1986:76;354-360.

(3) Martin R. Bruce., Ph.D. Aluminum: a neurotoxic product of acid rain. Accounts of Chemical Research. 1994:27;204-210.

(4) Paolo Zatta, Tamas Kiss, Mario Suwalsky, Guy Berthon. Aluminum (III) as a promoter of cellular oxidation. Coordination Chemistry Reviews. 2002:228;271-284.

(5) Henry Heymering RJF, (personal communication) e-mail: horseu at earthlink.net.

(6) Warrell Raymond P., MD. (1995) Gallium for Treatment of Bone Diseases. (Guy Berthon, editor), Handbook of Metal-Ligand Interactions in Biological Fluids - Bioinorganic Medicine, Volume 2, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pages 1253 - 1265.

(7) O.R. Adams, Lameness in Horses, Third Edition, Lea & Febiger.

(8) The British Horse Society, Manual of Stable Management, Book 7 (Watering and Feeding), page 59.

Dr. Raymond Warrell has published many medical journal articles on gallium nitrate and bone. Access PubMed (a library retrieval service of the National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health) here, Search for "gallium nitrate" and "Warrell" for his published articles.

Selected medical journal articles about gallium nitrate:

Selected patents on Gallium and healing, bones and arthritis etc.

US Pat. No. 6,287,606 Methods of enhancing wound healing and tissue repair

US Pat. No. 6,165,514 Methods of enhancing repair, healing and augmentation of tissues and organs

US Pat. No. 5,556,645 Methods of enhancing wound healing and tissue repair

US Pat. No. 4,704,277 Methods of treating bone disorders

US Pat. No. 4,686,104 Methods of treating bone disorders

US Pat. No. 4,529,593 Use of gallium salts to treat disorders of calcium homeostasis

US Pat. No. 5,175,006 Method of treating arthritis using gallium compounds

Frequently Asked Questions

QUESTION: You and many volunteers did a research trial of gallium nitrate for navicular disease in 100 horses. What was your experience in your 2004 trial? You used a two week on and two week of protocol?

First of all, I finally evaluated all of the data for the first month of treatment, and I have prepared a report for publication. The whole article as it was submitted to the journal is located at http://naviculardisease.com In this report I evaluated the effect of gallium nitrate on 100 horses and found the following responses to treatment during the first 14 days of a month, and also noted the residual effect in the following two weeks while off treatment. Clearly, treatment produces a good response and it lasts, and horses become sound at a steady rate and have less lameness. Over about 6 months, over 90 percent of all horses treated with gallium nitrate for navicular disease and related conditions go sound. However, I was not able to evaluate any data statistically after the first month, since so many horses had become sound and they dropped out.

Effect of oral gallium nitrate on navicular disease lameness in horses

Figure 1. Effect of gallium nitrate treatment on mean pain scores with treatment given only during the first 14 days

Effect of oral gallium nitrate on navicular disease soundness in horses

Figure 2. Number of horses sound on each day after initiation of gallium nitrate treatment for 14 days

Article Abstract

Navicular disease, also known as caudal heel syndrome and related foot conditions in horses cause much misery, pain and lameness. Classical treatments often do not provide satisfactory results and the horse remains lame and occasionally the horse must be euthanized. It was hypothesized that gallium nitrate, a compound reported to have anti-aluminum, anti-iron, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-hypercalcemic and anti-bone-resorptive activity, would be a safe and effective treatment for navicular disease. Horses diagnosed with navicular disease and non-responsive to classical treatments were treated orally with 500 cc of a one percent gallium nitrate aqueous solution in a two-week on and two-week off protocol. Treatment reduced mean pain scores fifty percent within 14 days, as measured using a five point scale of observed lameness. Mean pain scores for the second two-week period were statistically lower than the mean pain scores of the first two-week period (p < 0.0001). Complete soundness was achieved in 33 out of 83 horses in less than 28 days, with 24 out of the remaining 50 horses showing improvement in that period, for a total of 57 (69%) horses becoming better. None were worsened and none were euthanized. Most horses remained sound long after treatment was terminated. No side effects, toxicity or sequela were reported. Additional observations revealed that continuous daily gallium nitrate treatment, rather than treatment during alternate two week periods, was more effective. Oral gallium nitrate in the dosages and solution strengths used in this trial appeared safe and effective in the treatment of navicular disease and related conditions and treatment appears curative. Oral gallium nitrate is an alternative treatment for navicular disease that appears much more effective than classical treatments, and it may, upon favorable replication of these results, become a first-line treatment for navicular disease and related conditions with an expectation of curative effects. Placebo controlled, blinded trials demonstrating effects of daily oral gallium treatment for a minimum of 3 months are needed to confirm and extend these preliminary observations.

Since I started using gallium nitrate in 1996, about 50,000 daily doses of 1% gallium nitrate have been administered to horses for navicular disease, with no reports of toxicity. These are historic and important results, not only in the treatment of navicular disease in horses, but also because they are also the first results of administering ORAL Gallium to horses for any condition, and have the potential to open Gallium treatments of many inflammatory diseases in all vertebrate species including man as shown in this arthritis treatment article. Here are Don Dee's and his full brother Sharpe's blood tests. They have both been on gallium nitrate for years following this protocol, with no health issues.

QUESTION: Is there a drug containing gallium nitrate available for treatment of horses with navicular disease?

ANSWER: YES. The FDA accepted our drug support claims and we were able to obtain a "legal drug label" for sale of our product (Navicular Research Gallium Nitrate Bone & Joint Support) for treating pain and inflammation in the feet of horses. Use the sales page to purchase the product by credit/debit card, telephone, check or PayPal. We market two outstanding gallium nitrate products, a 14% concentrate at $90 (a 14 day supply) and a 42% at $250 (a 42 day supply).

Purchase gallium nitrate Click button to go to our "galliumnitrate.com" sales page.

Click here to go to my pages on treating arthritis with our gallium nitrate product.

QUESTION: How do I administer gallium nitrate to my horse to treat his navicular disease?

First, I believe that the 14 day on and 14 day off protocol used in the research trial was insufficient, and that an EVERY DAY OF THE MONTH on gallium treatment for three to six months, with an every other day follow on or maintenance program after the first three months would be vastly preferred. I.E.: Give gallium nitrate daily for 3 to 6 months then consider reducing dosage.

    Here is the exact research label that we used in the research trial.
    Pour the 14% or 42% concentrates into a plastic water bucket and add drinking water to make a one percent solution. Stir and re-bottle into 500 cc (500 ML or one pint) bottles. Use drinking water bottles found at grocery stores.
    Label each bottle with the words: "1.0% GALLIUM NITRATE – NOT FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION", or affix these one percent labels to the bottles.
    Stir one bottle of the one percent gallium mineral water into the horse's feed (in plastic feed bucket). Give once per day. Do not add solution to hay or drinking water since it is likely to be lost and not consumed.
    Reduce dosage proportionately for ponies, and increase proportionately for larger horses.
    This is the Research Trial Report that I used in the trial.

QUESTION: What other results from the research trial can you report at this time?

ANSWER: There are several other findings.

    First, aluminum shoes prevent these horses from becoming and remaining sound. They seem hypersensitive to Aluminum III ions. This is explained in the Discussion section of my article on treating arthritis with gallium. NOTE: Aluminum shoes probably do not cause navicular disease, but they certainly prevent gallium from working.
    Second, nearly all horses become sound using gallium nitrate over a few months, not overnight (as all of us want)! Some horses need gallium nitrate for only a few months and do not relapse for many months. Others, perhaps the more seriously diseased, need to stay on a gallium nitrate maintenance protocol to remain sound.
    Third, no toxicity or adverse side effects have been reported. See blood tests for Don Dee and full brother Sharpe.
    Fourth, gallium nitrate appears to have utility in treating other horse disorders including founder, leg impact injuries, foot abscesses, arthritis and skin infections, all of which are benefited by the anti-inflammatory properties of gallium nitrate. See this internal link for much more information.
    Gallium nitrate does not appear effective for spurs on navicular bones (it probably does not and will not remove them), but it does seem to resolve pain.

QUESTION: What about topical application to the sole and frog?

I think the only time that a topical treatment will work is in the case of bacterial navicular disease. This is a disease where the bursa is bloody and infected with bacteria. In that case, topical gallium nitrate should work very well and very rapidly, perhaps producing total soundness in just a few days.

Topical treatment was also suggested from the astonishingly fast results that I personally had in treating my own "frozen shoulder" condition with a 40-50% topical gallium nitrate solution. These extremely strong gallium nitrate solutions become so viscous that they become "oily", and have a very definite oily feel on skin. Rather than suffer pain [feels like broken glass with much popping (crepitus) in shoulder joint] for several years as is the normal progression of "frozen shoulder", I was essentially free of the pain and crepitus in about a week, but the concentrated gallium nitrate did sting my skin a bit. Ever try to sleep in a bed full of broken glass? That is what sleeping with "frozen shoulder" feels like.

Really good news! Diane S. in California reported on May 10, 2005 that her horse, who had been lame for 4 years with navicular disease, went completely sound in 4 days using topical gallium nitrate! She said that she soaked a rag in 14% gallium nitrate solution and put it next to the sole and frog under the foot (no shoe) and then attached and covered the rag up and over the hoof with lots of duct tape to hold the rag in place. FOUR DAYS!

Good News! Veronique M. in Lockhart, TX found she could terminate nearly immediately the pain associated with thrush by painting her horse's feet with 14% gallium nitrate, working it well into infected tissue. She said the thrush went away fairly quickly. She says that gallium nitrate topically applied is the cure for thrush in horses' feet. She also treats laminitis the same way in her miniature horses. I have two minis with green grass (spring)-induced laminitis and am treating them by painting their feet with the 42% solution and giving them oral gallium nitrate. It seems to greatly reduce pain and make their lives better. However, one must find the cause of laminitis and make changes in feeding and pasturage to gain their natural benefits. See www.safergrass.org for more information and search this google search.

QUESTION: How is Don Dee today?

ANSWER: He is totally sound and a really nice horse, but without his gallium nitrate he usually goes lame within 6 months. Here is a late 2006 picture of him galloping off after being let loose into his pasture. He scared me recently when he and his full brother, Sharpe, escaped their pasture and galloped off down the highway pounding the pavement for over a mile. They sent sparks flying from all eight steel shoes, and sent automobiles off the highway. About a mile down the highway, we caught them and brought them home. Don Dee was a touch gimpy after that, so I doubled his Gallium dose that evening and there was no further lameness the following morning. This anecdote serves to show how an extra dose of gallium nitrate can be helpful to prevent over work or abuse from causing a lameness issue.

Today, June 29, 2005, Don Dee is a really sad sight. We put our two American miniature horses in with him and his brother for about 30 minutes last night. Those minis darn near killed my two big seventeen-handers! They ran them into the ground. The big guys were making huge laps around the pasture at full speed, while the minis were making little laps nearer the center of the pasture, producing the appearance that the minis were staying on the same lap as the big guys. Don Dee was really tired and totally exhausted from running around like a chicken with its head cut off, and he poked around all day today like he was sore, not lame, but really sore from being out of shape. The minis just did their thing and wore out my big guys, with no wear and tear on them! You never know how things will work out!

Also, see my two 17-hand thoroughbreds playing in the snow! If you have a high speed connection this is a wonderful 9.3 MB movie of Don Dee (without star) and his full brother Sharpe (with star) cavorting in the first snow that they had ever seen. The last time it snowed around Austin, Texas was in 1984, before they were born. This movie was shot Valentine's morning 2004.

Unfortunately, Don Dee was found dead in his pasture February 13, 2011, apparently of natural causes.

QUESTION: Mr. Eby, how long have you been using gallium nitrate to treat navicular disease?

ANSWER: According to this 1997 posting on the Archive.Org WayBack Machine, I started Don Dee's treatment May 15, 1997. The first archived posting of this page was the November 1, 1996 version. You can see many of the various versions of this page from November 1, 1996 to now on the WayBack Machine of the Internet Archive here.

QUESTION: Mr. Eby, I have two horses on gallium nitrate for navicular disease. They both had identical diagnoses with exactly the same radiographs. The gelding responded perfectly in the first two weeks, but the second did not respond at all until the fourth month. How can that be? Why did my mare respond so very slowly? I was about to give up on her, but now... I am so happy!

ANSWER: That is the 64,000 question. It is not a sex issue. I have seen this on various occasions, and I can only guess. Here are the facts. Gallium goes to three types of tissues. First, cancerous tissue, second bacterially infected tissue, and third inflamed tissue. I don't know why, but that is the nature of Gallium according to the scientists that have studied these questions. I suppose that if a horse had multiple problems, perhaps inflamed intestines or another organ, and/or a severe bacterial infection and/or even a cancerous mass, then the Gallium would end up in those tissues, thus being diluted, resulting in very little or none getting into the navicular tissues. Consequently, if there is little or no improvement in lameness, the Gallium may be working in some other tissues. I suspect that a radioactive-Gallium scan would show the tissues that Gallium is migrating to, as shown in this graphic of a human. You might contact a university affiliated large-animal veterinary hospital to see if they do radioactive Gallium-scans and see if your horse has other hidden inflammatory issues. This question could be answered, if you have enough money for that kind of testing. On the other hand, this is why I recommend treating for at least 6 months; certainly there is benefit from gallium nitrate treatment somewhere!

QUESTION: Mr. Eby, you say gallium is anti-bacterial, please tell me more. How can I use it on my horse's horrible skin infection?

ANSWER: The antibacterial effects of gallium are extremely broad, since they stop all iron dependent bacteria and fungi in their tracks by immediately terminating their growth. Since it does not kill them outright, they do not become resistant to gallium. According to this World patent application WO/2007/053581 iron-dependent pathogenic microorganisms comprise: Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Yersinia, Salmonella, Chlamydia, Coxilla, Ehrlichia, Francisella, Legionella, Pasteurella, Brucella, Proteus, Hilicobacter, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Escherichia, Tropheryma, Acinetobacter, Aeromonas, Alcaligenes, Campylobacter, Capnocytophaga, Bacillus, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Erysipelothrix, Listeria, Mycobacterium, Pseudomonas, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus gordonii, Atopobium parvulum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Eubacterium sulci, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, ß-hemolytic streptococci, Cory neb acterium minutissimum, Microsporum audouinii, Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum, Microsporum canis, Sporothrix schenckii, Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Pityriasis versicolor, Exophiala werneckii, Trichosporon beigelii, Malassezia furfur, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp. and the like; including the microorganisms that are known to have become resistant to first-line antibiotics. Such microorganisms include Escherichia coli O157 (a causative organism for gastroenteritis, haemorrhagic colitis or urinary and genital tract infections), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (a causative organism for endocarditis, urinary tract infections, and wound infections), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA; a causative organism for various skin infections, eye infection, wound infections, and so forth), Salmonella LO typhi (the causative organism for typhoid fever), and the like, and fungi, such as Candida albicans, Microsporum canis, Sporothrix schenckii, Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Malassezia furfur, Pityriasis versicolor, Exophiala werneckii, Trichosporon beigelii, Coccidioides immitis, Histoplama capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Aspergillus fumigatus, Epidermophyton spp., Fusarium spp., Zygomyces spp., Rhizopus spp. Mucor spp., and so forth.

To answer your question about treating your horse's skin infections, this patent also reads: "Miscellaneous Applications of gallium compounds may be utilized in many different applications other than those described in the previous sections. For example, gallium compounds may be applied topically or directly to a body area, including an open wound and an internal organ or tissue exposed to an outer environment during surgery in addition to an external area, that needs to be protected from or is afflicted with various infections caused by pathogenic organisms. Such infections include, but not by way of limitation, skin infections, such as cellulites, folliculitis, boils, carbuncles, erysipelas, impetigo, erythrasma, paronychia, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, candidiasis (e.g., oral thrush), ring worm, tinea versicolor, etc. as well as eye infections, such as blepharitis, hordeola, conjunctivitis, etc., and nasal infections. Causative organisms for skin infections include, but are not limited to, species of Staphylococcus, such as S. aureus and S. epidermidis; Group A streptococci, such as Streptococcus pyogenes; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the like. Typical yeasts or fungi that cause skin infections include Candida albicans, species of genus Microsporon, such as M. auduini and M. canis; species of Trichophyton, such as T. metagrophyte and T. tonsurans, and the like. Causative organisms for eye infections include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Propionibacterium, Nocardia.spp, Bacteroides spp, Fusarium spp, and so forth. Nasal infections caused by Streptococcus penumoniae may lead to ear infection, sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.

The infections caused by these organisms have become more and more common because of the development of drug-resistant microorganisms, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), as well as the increased number of immunocompromised individuals due to HIV infection or AIDS, organ transplants, treatments for autoimmune diseases, and so forth. Thus, the applications of gallium compounds for human uses as well as veterinarian uses are very beneficial especially in view of their low toxicity and low risks for generating resistant microorganisms. Other applications in the fields of food industries, agricultural industries, fishing industries and so forth are also possible."

NOTE: According to references found in this patent application, probiotic (beneficial intestinal) microorganisms including species of the genera Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Bifidobacterium are not affected by the presence of gallium because they are not iron-dependent. Since probiotic bacteria are NOT adversely affected by gallium, this is why gallium does not cause colic in horses (or people). It is harmless to beneficial intestinal bacteria.

NOTE: Claim 28 of this 2007 patent application claims addition of gallium to animal feeds, which is invalid, since I have been using gallium in horse feed since 1996, and I filed a protest.

QUESTION: Mr. Eby, I read in the November 1, 1996 Internet Archive posting that you "lost Don Dee to navicular disease". What do you mean "lost him"?

ANSWER: Here is his story. He had already had one short-lived career as a race horse before I met him. I bought Don Dee from a woman in 1995 as a six-year old registered thoroughbred. He had been abused by her. She used an axe handle over his head to get him to obey, and he had taken revenge on her. He had picked her up with his mouth and tossed her across the barn isle into another stall. His price at that time was 1/10th what she had paid for him a few months previous. Actually, she was demanding that her partner have him put down. I bought him on the spot, hauled him out of that dreadful place, and treated him nicely afterward. He never gave us any discipline problems after that, but he was, and still is, a "handful" for us to ride. He was soon diagnosed with navicular disease. I had become ill at the time, and didn't have the energy or heart to see Don Dee go down hill due to his diagnosis. Therefore in early 1995, I sold Don Dee (meaning that I "lost him"). I sold him before I came up with the gallium nitrate for navicular disease idea, which I posted on the Internet on November 1, 1996. I had great difficulty buying Don Dee back, because the lady to whom I sold him had quickly resold him due to his navicular disease issue. She was very angry with me, and she would not tell me to whom she sold Don Dee. Finally and months latter, I paid her twice the price I had sold him to her just for information! It was clearly robbery. He was in a pasture 100 miles Northwest of Austin. When I found him, he was a bag of bones and extremely lame. I had to pay that next owner twice what she had paid for Don Dee. More robbery -- for a lame horse! I bought him back specifically to do gallium nitrate research and hopefully to save a very nice and absolutely gorgeous horse. All I had at that time was a theory, and I had no idea if gallium nitrate would work for navicular disease or not. Perhaps the main reason that I bought him back was because, when I took the right amount of gallium nitrate orally, all of my severe bone/joint pains went away (according to my May 15, 1997 Internet Archive posting). Even though my personal experience was not evidence that gallium nitrate would work in Don Dee, I bought him to give him gallium nitrate in the hope that it would make him feel better, and perhaps fix his navicular disease problem. Little did I know how good he would feel on gallium nitrate, but I was very, very, very pleased as I reported here on May 15, 1997. That comment was the first incident of the main side effect of gallium nitrate treatment for navicular disease, "over-exuberance".

QUESTION: My horse went sound after two 2-week treatments. How do I know when I no longer need to give gallium nitrate?

ANSWER: Two 2-week treatments often causes horses to go sound, but we all should have been using a 28 day on with zero days off protocol for a stronger and longer lasting remission. All that has happened is the inflammation that was causing the pain has been temporarily terminated. Gallium has a long residency in inflamed tissues and the pain-relief benefit will last two weeks and longer, sometimes much longer (but not longer than one year - so far). There is no way to a priori determine how long the horse will remain sound. Consequently, the most economical plan is to keep a spare bottle (a 2-week supply) ready to use as soon as the horse relapses. Ideally, treatment at the full strength dosage should continue for 3 to 4 months, followed by a daily half strength dosage, or an every other day or every other week protocol (but not the 2 week on and 2 week off protocol). Extended treatment allows time for any bone repair that might occur, perhaps resulting in permanent recovery. The general idea is to treat the horse as needed.

In the closed trial, we gave gallium nitrate for two weeks followed by a 2 week off period. That was to determine the results of giving gallium nitrate and the results of NOT giving it too, so as to avoid using placebos in the research trial. See the results of this technique graphically here. From those results, I suggest that gallium nitrate should be given every day for at least 3 months. We give both of our horses (one with navicular disease and the other having never had it) gallium nitrate for their bone and joint health, and to prevent Don Dee's navicular disease from returning.

QUESTION: "Can concentrated 14% gallium nitrate solutions be dangerous to me or my horse?"

ANSWER: Do not allow the concentrated gallium nitrate solution to contact the mouth or eyes. Rinse mouth with water immediately. In case of eye contact, wash eyes with clean water for fifteen minutes. The tiny bit of free nitric acid in the product will cause the eyes to have pain, but will not permanently injure them if promptly removed by washing.

Once the concentrated gallium nitrate has been diluted as directed, the 1.0% gallium nitrate solutions are not harmful. If 1.0% gallium nitrate gets in eyes, immediately wash eyes for a few minutes to remove the gallium nitrate.

Remember that gallium nitrate is a solution of a metal-ligand complex that is highly reactive with other metals. The only metal that Gallium does not appear to chemically react with is stainless steel. It will rust iron and chemically react with most metals and must never be allowed to contact metals other than stainless steel. This is why I suggest using plastic (high density polyethylene) buckets. I have placed a few crystals of gallium nitrate on aluminum foil, and found that the crystals melt through the aluminum foil overnight.

The kidney injury issue found in humans from hospital IV administration of gallium nitrate with cancer chemotherapy for lymphoma does not occur using the oral or topical route of administration in either human or animals and is not, from all the evidence observed so far, an issue or concern in the treatment of navicular disease in horses with gallium nitrate. Since gallium nitrate is highly ionizable (positively charged), its beneficial effects probably occurs extracellularly or in the cell membrane, but not intracellularly.

Interestingly, gallium nitrate has been found to be protective of the liver in experimental sepsis research .

QUESTION: Due to the high cost of gallium nitrate, how can treatment of navicular disease be justified?

ANSWER: First of all, an amount effective in most horses is definitely cheaper than euthanasia. So why the beef? Gallium metal is expensive to begin with, and processing costs must also be considered. Pure metallic Gallium is over $40 per ounce, making it more than four times as expensive as pure metallic silver. It is a bit less than one-tenth the cost of pure gold. Gallium nitrate's high cost was more than offset in our horses and many others because special shoes, bute, isoxsuprine, and related veterinary treatments such as de-nerving were not required. Veterinary and farrier expenses plummeted. For example, our horses (both are on gallium nitrate) have not had any illnesses in many years, nor have they needed any veterinary treatment except their annual shots and Coggins tests. Also, horses rapidly became useful with much less lost riding and competition time and they regain many years longer useful and healthy working career.

QUESTION: Mr. Eby, it gets really cold here in Canada and I wonder what is the freeze point of 42% gallium nitrate? I know it must remain liquid for it to remain non-hazardous, so will it freeze solid when cold?

ANSWER. I asked that question of Recapture Metals, my supplier, and this is what they reported to me:

"Tests were performed on several solutions of Gallium Nitrate at different concentrations to determine their saturation point. A brief summary of these tests is presented here. A solution of 72% w/v Gallium Nitrate salt was cooled in a freezer to – 4 degrees F. No crystallization was observed. A seed crystal was added with no immediate change observed. After left in the freezer overnight, many crystals formed. The solution was allowed to warm up to determine a saturation point close to room temperature. At the final concentration of 78% salt (w/v) the saturation point of 64 degrees F was determined. Another solution of 57% salt (w/v) was cooled in the freezer to – 9 degrees F. After several additions of seed crystals, however, no crystallization was ever observed. Therefore, the saturation point for this concentration is somewhere below – 9 degrees F. If one uses – 9 degrees F for the actual saturation point of a 57% solution, and assumes this temperature is the minimum encountered in transport, a solution that would qualify as being exempt from hazardous classification must have a concentration below 45% (w/v) (80% of 57%). After considering all the information, it was resolved that a solution with a maximum concentration of 42% w/v Gallium Nitrate could be shipped without requiring hazardous classification or labeling."

Take this for whatever you like, but I think it safe to say that 42% GN solution will not freeze until the temperature is VERY LOW (below minus 9 degrees F). We know of containers of 42% gallium nitrate that have stored in an "outside" building (no heating) in Utah and they never observed any freezing of concentrations of 37%, 42%, and 52% w/v Gallium Nitrate. My suggestion? Don't worry about it freezing.

QUESTION: What else is gallium nitrate good for?

ANSWER: Lots of things!

  • We have successfully used 14 percent gallium nitrate topically applied by hand rubbing to grossly swollen lower legs of horses that have injured their tendons by an impact injury (striking fence rails). Near total elimination of swelling has been achieved by rubbing the leg with this solution of gallium nitrate for about 45 minutes. All swelling was eliminated by similarly treating the leg every 4 hours for the following 24 hours. As horse owners know, this kind of impact injury usually takes 6 weeks to 6 months to heal (if it ever heals) without gallium nitrate treatment.
  • We have treated human legs swollen from impact (trauma) with identical results.
  • In horses, oral doses identical to the doses used to treat navicular disease also appear effective in terminating the pain and inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis, although I have not collected data or documented this effect. Usually a 2-week course prevents evident pain for several weeks to several months. Infectious arthritis (caused by bacteria) is most likely the kind of arthritis cured by Gallium, since it is very strongly anti-bacterial.
  • Founder, even with rotation as high as 16 degrees, appears reversible with gallium nitrate treatment. The oral dosage used was identical to the dosage used to treat navicular disease. Treatment was given for several months. One horse with a detached coffin bone recovered completely and had a healthy foal within a year of recovery. Laminitis is clearly benefited by gallium nitrate treatment.
  • Founder, laminitis, in two minis and a full size horse was easily and rapidly controlled with topical 42% gallium nitrate. The treatment consisted of painting the 42% gallium nitrate onto the hoof walls, coronary band and bottoms of feet (frogs and soles) with a paint brush. These horses were not given oral gallium nitrate. Their pain and lameness disappeared after a few days treatment, not months as was previously required using oral gallium nitrate. One of these cases was so severe that the horse was scheduled for euthanization, and was eventually given to a friend who treated it with gallium nitrate. That horse quickly made a 100% recovery and has not been lame since treatment ended over a year ago. The two minis (Smokey and Bandit) are mine, and I will watch them very carefully for any future relapse. I am not suggesting that the laminitic changes revert to normal.
  • We do not yet know what happens to bone spurs, but doubt any efficacy. I do not know its effect on broken navicular bones, but Dr. Warrell used gallium nitrate to effectively repair broken bones that would not otherwise heal by sprinkling pure citrated gallium nitrate powder directly into the breaks of broken bones. In my earliest research I assumed that there would be no benefit for six months for the effect of gallium nitrate to occur. I assume that cracked or broken navicular bones would require at least 6 months of oral gallium nitrate treatment to heal.
  • We have also used topical gallium nitrate up to 70% to directly treat miscellaneous skin problems on both horses and humans. Application to cuts and scratches helps accelerate healing, but it does sting like alcohol in cuts and scratches. The stronger the concentration, the better the therapeutic results. (The 42% concentration is the strongest concentration I offer for sale for United States Department of Transportation regulatory reasons.)
  • Application of 14% gallium nitrate to abscesses in soles and frogs of horses terminated pain (and infection) rapidly, but required once daily treatment for a while.
  • I used it orally to terminate my severe bone/joint pains (probably hypercalcemia) as early as 1996. See my 1996 archived report here.
  • Application of 14% gallium nitrate to acne, pimples, boils, carbuncles, folliculitis cured them overnight. (A physician in New York told me that he gave 10 drops of the 14% concentrate in a full glass of water to overnight cure pimples.)
  • Application of 14% gallium nitrate to mosquito bites, chigger bites and rashes stopped the itching and they cured overnight.
  • Application of 14% gallium nitrate solutions to burns rapidly heals them according to this Registered Nurse.
  • Generally, application of 14% gallium nitrate to any skin inflammation cured it.
  • Sacroiliac pain responds well to topical 42% gallium nitrate. Sacroiliac treatment usually involves some kind of anti-inflammatory agent and gallium nitrate is a near perfect treatment for sacroiliac pain since it is so strongly anti-inflammatory, even for old, long standing cases. I popped my sacroiliac in 2007 and have had pain since then, particularly while lifting and turning. In two treatments, one in the morning and the other that evening, gallium stopped the sacroiliac pain and appeared to be the cure for sacroiliac pain, apparently by stopping sacroiliac inflammation.
  • An aluminum mill worker found that 14% gallium nitrate applied to his aluminum-induced dermatitis cured it.
  • Generally, application of 14% gallium nitrate to any sore or skin infection cured it completely overnight.
  • One or two 30-minute soakings of arthritic hands in a 7 to 14% gallium nitrate solution terminated the pain of arthritis for over a year. It appears to be a cure for some kinds of arthritis, even when the arthritis is cripplingly severe. The mechanism of action is reported here. However, infectious (septic) arthritis which is caused by bacteria is most likely the kind of arthritis so easily cured by gallium, since it is very strongly anti-bacterial. This was patented by Ohio State University in 1992. Without any doubt, Gallium is the cure for many cases of arthritis.
  • I used frequent (several times daily) topical 42% gallium nitrate on my left shoulder to treat successfully "frozen shoulder", a joint condition that feels like the shoulder joint is packed with broken glass. This is a mobility limiting condition, which is supposed to take several years to naturally resolve - if it ever resolves. Medical treatment is usually repeated steroid injections into the joint. Gallium nitrate shortened the recovery period to several weeks, rather than several years. The cause of frozen shoulder is unknown, but it usually affects people between age 40 and 60. It is a bursal inflammation issue, not unlike navicular disease.
  • Although I have not used gallium nitrate to treat cancer, there are applications (research and clinical trials) that use gallium nitrate and other compounds of Gallium in effectively treating a few cancers. See this article Gallium in Cancer Treatment. This article also has some really good information on dosages used in various clinical trials.
  • Problems and pain from bursitis, tendonitis, edema all seem to vanish when concentrated (42 percent) topical rubs are used.
  • Application of a 14% concentrate of gallium nitrate solution topically to treat carpal tunnel syndrome is a perfect treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. It is simply rubbed over the wrist, lower arm and palm for about an hour. After about an hour of topical treatment with gallium nitrate to treat carpal tunnel, the pain and symptoms of carpel tunnel syndrome disappear and do not return - at least for 6 months. Apparently, gallium nitrate greatly benefits carpal tunnel release and terminates the swelling of the nerve sheath. This is a vastly better treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome than surgery.
  • Application of topical 42% gallium nitrate seems to be a cure for plantar fasciitis (a human foot disorder - inflammation of connective tissue in bottom of foot) also called heal spur and heal pain. My wife had plantar fasciitis, and she said that topical 42% gallium nitrate simply painted on the bottom of her foot was an overnight cure for plantar fasciitis foot pain. Pain from plantar fasciitis, which normally occurs during the first few minutes of walking after arising in the morning, simply was not there, and it did not return for months.
  • Generally, any disease or condition ending in the term "itis", which means inflammation, should respond to gallium nitrate.
  • I twice used a few drops of a 1% gallium nitrate in isotonic salt eye drops to cure a treatment-resistant bacterial eye infection. It was not a pleasant experience, as it burned a bit.
  • We have a 90 pound dog that had nearly lethal chronic bronchitis. His coughing and gagging was nearly 24/7 and he was miserable. Our veterinarian felt that he was so miserable (and he was making us so miserable) that perhaps we needed to consider having him put down. Desperation is the mother of invention so we tried gallium nitrate. We gave him 1/10th the horse dose (he weighed about 1/10 that of a horse), and that dose of gallium nitrate had no effect on his coughing. Desperation suggested doubling the dose and his coughing disappeared and has been under near complete control for several months as of 4/12/2005. Dogs and people (omnivores) have higher metabolic rates than horses (herbivores), thus the dosage rates are different. Gallium nitrate seems to be an effective cure for chronic bronchitis in dogs. However, his dosage may need to be increased a bit, since he still has a few coughs. Will it work in people?
  • Since I had not tried oral gallium nitrate on myself since 1996, and because I know of no one else that had tried it on themselves, I decided "for no particularly good reason" (as Forest Gump would say) other than being curious that I would try oral gallium nitrate for 2 weeks. I figured that I, also an omnivore, like my dog, would need a double whammy to be equivalent to the horse-dose. I weigh 180 pounds and somehow I figured out that an equivalent dose would be 7 milliliters of the 14 percent concentrate daily. One drop of that stuff on my tongue taught me to never do that again. It did not taste bad, but it was horribly astringent and drying, and it completely stripped away all of the oral mucoproteins and left the mouth totally dry and producing mouthfuls of saliva. After that, I added one milliliter to each of 7 glasses of water, and it was "sort of" tolerable, but it was still slightly drying. Even at that dose, it was sufficiently drying that I could not wash down food or pills due to the lack of oral lubrication. What did it do for me? I didn't notice any immediate improvement for my frozen shoulder, which was kind of a surprise, but it changed my bowels for the better. Also, it did not kill me! However, after longer oral gallium nitrate (2 weeks), I realized that the pain from my version of frozen shoulder is less frequent and much milder. I suspect that if I were as diligent on taking gallium nitrate as I hope are others, I would not have any pain. But, I forget to take it!!! Shame on me!
  • I was able to get a medical journal article published concerning gallium and treatment of arthritis, a disease that I think navicular disease is highly related to. See the article here. I could have repeated the science shown in the article in this page, but felt that it would be better to keep the article intact and in one place. The article is a"mini" article, meant only to interest others in the concept, and not prove that gallium is the cure for arthritis.
  • In April of 2006, Mesanika P., while taking oral gallium nitrate, experienced "white", "thick" urine after taking gallium nitrate for a few days. She believes now that her kidney stones are missing! She no longer is passing them daily, her routinely bloody urine has cleared, and she no longer experiences daily severe pain from passing kidney stones. Stay tuned as we uncover more about this mystery! What do I think? I have no idea, but I wrote this really weird "anti-nanobacteria" medical journal article anyway.
  • In 2008, Roxi C. saw my gallium - anti-nanobacteria article and realized that it might be just the ticket for treating her problems. She was very ill, perhaps dying, and had nothing to loose. You see, this woman had been a kidney stone former for over 50 years and had severe kidney stones. She also has a calcified uterine fibroid, ten stents in her heart, calcification of her arteries with an artery in her heart that was 98 percent occluded and was legally blind from cataracts. Modern medicine was at wits-end in trying to keep her alive. Then came gallium and all of her problems went away. Is this the most exciting medical discovery ever? I think so. Read my Medical Hypotheses article for full details.
  • Over the last several years, I have had constant carotid artery area neck pain of unknown origin. It did not worsen or change and it caused pain mainly upon touching it. Doctors were perplexed and suggested, "Don't touch it". Well so much for modern medicine. Recently, I decided to coat my neck with 42% gallium nitrate, perhaps to see if it was bacterial in nature. I applied it 4 times in one day, and the next morning the pain was gone and it has not reappeared over several months time. What was that all about? I have no idea, but it is suggestive of bacteria or nanobacteria. My neck looked ten years older for a while from the drying effect of gallium nitrate.

Some of these conditions required only one treatment (with the exception of chronic bronchitis and frozen shoulder, which required several daily treatments for several weeks). The idea was to saturate the skin in the general area and allow the gallium nitrate to soak into skin. The amount soaked into skin is directly related to the concentration, temperature, size of the treated area, and time of contact in accordance with Fick's laws of Membrane Diffusion, the applicable physical laws. In other words, the stronger the concentration, and the longer the gallium nitrate is in contact with skin, the greater the amount absorbed. The gallium nitrate was not washed off or removed unless stinging or skin side effects (burning, redness, swelling, inflammation) were too intense (very rare). Stinging seems no worse than the sting of rubbing alcohol in a scratch. You can not imagine how offensive and drying the 14% gallium nitrate concentrate tastes! Be warned! Don't do it!

Here is a really new, and unexpected possible use. EPM! EPM stands for EQUINE PROTOZOAL MYELOENCEPHALITIS, a bug horses get from eating or exposure to opossum's feces. From the Bayer site: Signs may include: Ataxia (incoordination), Spasticity (stiff, stilted movements), abnormal gait or lameness, Incoordination and weakness which worsens when going up or down slopes or when head is elevated, Muscle atrophy, most noticeable along the topline or in the large muscles of the hindquarters, but can sometimes involve the muscles of the face or front limbs, paralysis of muscles of the eyes, face or mouth, evident by drooping eyes, ears or lips, Difficulty swallowing, Seizures or collapse, Abnormal sweating, Loss of sensation along the face, neck or body, and Head tilt with poor balance; horse may assume a splay-footed stance or lean against stall walls for support.

Well, it was unexpected to me that gallium nitrate would treat EPM, but Mauri L. saw my comment above related to "diseases ending with "itis" and realized that gallium nitrate might cure EPM. I personally have no experience with EPM, so lets see what Mauri L. has to say. This is from a longer email to me dated 9/26/05.

"George, Then I got the old mare. She is an EPM survivor. Had her on GN, and started riding her for the first time in 8 years. She was amazing even after a month on it! Stupidly, for financial reasons, I took her off early in August to see if she would hold. Gradually, I've noticed her go down hill, poor old girl--dragging her hind end, swollen ankles behind, and overall, just a dull attitude, so I am anxious to put her back on the stuff. She was on it daily, and I think that's what I'll do again til she's where she was, and then see if I can do a reduced amount and maintain enough soundness just to keep pleasure riding her. (She loves to have a job again)"

I wrote her back asking: "Mauri, are you saying gallium nitrate is good for EPM? Did it cure EPM?"

Mauri came back: "well, its good for whatever residual damage it did to her, which has been explained to me to be irreversible destruction of nerve and muscle cells. What you see is a dullness in the eyes, and dragging of the legs behind, and some varying degrees of ataxia, or incoordination. On the gallium though, she was brighter and I'd say about 85-95% sound, much snappier behind and more coordinated. I'm not expecting an instant bounce back, but maybe in about a month, she'll be back to where she was. I'll let you know."

Mauri added, "Then, my old mare got kicked in the gluteal (butt), resulting in a huge hematoma on her hamstring, which made her really sore. After a few days of it still being swollen and red hot, I rubbed gallium nitrate on it. The first couple of days, I rubbed in 7% for like 30-45 minutes at a time. It seemed to get a bit smaller. I then put on 14% and only rubbed it a few minutes. Swelling came down a bit more. I know it must of kind of felt strange to her (I got it all over my hands and it definitely felt weird) but she stood still for her "massage" in the field, without even a halter on, like she knew it was helping her! But by the 4th application, she had had enough of it, so I stopped. Shortly thereafter, she was sound again. I can't say for sure whether the swelling would have come down at that time on its own but it sure seems like the GN at the very least took out the heat and calmed it down.

Mauri! Keep us posted!

Sharon R. wrote: "I'm sorry to say that the gallium nitrate soakings of my hands and feet didn't do the trick to fix my diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Thought I should let you know for your ongoing research into the possibilities. All the best to you, nonetheless, Sharon R."

Trudy A. in Greer, South Carolina wrote: "I wanted to share with you some recent success that I had with Gallium Nitrate on ringworm that I had on my back. I had tried some anti-fungal products but nothing was helping this spot heal and dry up over a two week period. It was also very itchy and annoying. I decided to apply the Gallium Nitrate to this area and in 3 days it was drying up and no longer was itchy or red."

"I also was picking up branches on my farm this week-end and got bitten by several fire ants on my hand. I react very strongly to insect bites with swelling and itching usually for several days even with Benadryl. I applied some Gallium Nitrate immediately because I had a small amount left from the ringworm I was treating. The Gallium Nitrate stopped the itching and there wasn't as much swelling and within 24 hours there was no swelling. I applied the Gallium Nitrate the next day and the bites were drying up and there wasn't any more swelling or itching."

"I have also had great success with my Hanoverian mare who had injured her hind suspensory this Spring. She seemed to be doing well after 4-1/2 months of recovery and then re-injured it. There was swelling in that area and she was in pain and discomfort from the swelling. She didn't even want to walk far when being hand walked. Prior to this I had been able to ride her at a walk and a trot before she re-injured the leg. I tried liniments and wrapping her at night to give her support but the swelling wasn't changing much. I also had been doing cold hose therapy everyday. I began giving her Gallium Nitrate 500 cc of the 1% solution twice a day about a week ago (double normal dosing). After 3 days the leg was back to normal with no swelling. She has a better range of motion and walks without showing any discomfort. She is carrying her tail out when she walks which means she is relaxed through her back. This relaxation through the back is only possible if both hind legs were comfortable. I have continued the twice a day amount for a week and am planning to continue this for 10 days total. I will then reduce the dose and begin to bring her back slowly with the riding so there isn't another re-injury. I have never seen anything work this quickly. Bute doesn't get these results and it is so hard on their digestion. I am pleased with the success I have seen on the Gallium Nitrate and plan to keep her on it for a while. I will keep you updated on her recovery. Thanks so much for telling me about Gallium Nitrate. It will always be in my medicine cabinet for myself and my horses."

Trudy later remarked about zinc and mare's menstrual cycles:

After reading your article regarding zinc and how it can eliminate menstrual cramps in women, I decided to try this with my horses. I have 8 mares on my breeding farm and they all live together quite well. Some experienced irritability around their cycle so I decided to put all of the mares on 100 mg of Zinc (two small tablets) a day that I bought at the grocery store inexpensively. They have been on this dose for about 6 weeks and I have noticed a difference in all of the horses' mental attitudes. One of the mares that I show had trouble keeping her attention when riding her and wasn't relaxed. She has been more focused and not as nervous as she had been previously since she has been on the Zinc tablets. Another mare that I show also would sometimes tighten her back and buck when she was cycling (not good at all in the Show ring). She has also been more relaxed especially through her back since she has been taking the Zinc. During the Spring, I may increase the amount I am giving the younger mares when the heat cycles are more intense but will continue the horses on this maintenance dose year round since Zinc is helping them cope with everyday stress much better. Just thought I would share this with other horse owners as this is a safer way to help your horse deal with stress simply by feeding a necessary mineral.

Great job Trudy!

In women, 30 mg of zinc given once to three times a day for the four days immediately prior to the onset of menses will completely eliminate all menstrual cramping and bloating. This effect is so strong that the only side effect is anxiety from believing they are pregnant, only to start their cycle on time. I like the way Trudy thinks, and her mares are much happier too! In addition, I think mares will benefit from even more zinc, perhaps as much as 300 mg per day. That dosage would be consistent with the amount needed by women to avoid cramps and bloating on a per pound basis. Guys, geldings and stallions will not benefit, except if they are having pains like angina pectoris or Raynaud's disease. In that case, zinc will cure those disorders according to my research article published in 2006. Of course, zinc will cure these disorders in women too, and maybe horses too!

Gallium-responsive diseases and disorders according to this 2007-dated patent application wherein gallium compounds are mixed with a thickening agent include:

  • cancer, to include breast cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, cancers of the bone, lymphomas, leukemias, multiple myeloma, cancers of the brain, cancers of the throat, pancreatic cancer, neck cancers, gastric cancers, intestinal cancers, colon cancers, rectal cancers, testicular cancers, bladder cancers, ovarian cancers, cervical cancers, uterine cancers, skin cancers, melanoma, ocular cancers, mouth cancers, tongue cancers, metastatic cancers, and other cancers;
  • conditions of excessive bone resorption and/or disorders of calcium homeostasis, including osteoporosis, Paget's disease, metastatic bone disease, hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemia, osteonecrosis;
  • laminitis, and navicular disorders;
  • inflammatory and/or autoimmune disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory arthritis, psoriasis and related dermatoses, multiple sclerosis, lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, uveitis, asthma, Type 1 diabetes, Graves' disease, autoimmune Addison's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, central nervous system vasculitis, spondylitis, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease, colitis, celiac disease, myasthenia gravis, inflammatory myopathies, scleroderma, alopecia areata, and septicemia;
  • infectious diseases, including intracellular pathogenic diseases such as tuberculosis, Johne's disease, leprosy, listeriosis, brucellosis, typhoid fever, legionnaire's disease, Rhodococcus infections (including those caused by Rhodococcus equi), plague, typhus, chlamydia, leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, and malaria; Pseudomonas infections; biofilm-forming infections;
  • neuropathies including painful peripheral neuropathies;
    adverse conditions of the liver, including hepatitis, hepatomegaly, and cirrhosis;
  • and
  • splenomegaly
  • NOTE: We have never used gallium products with an additive gel.

Also, J.T. Stapleton et al. reported in 1999 (see report here) that gallium nitrate was a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 infection in vitro, and that the concentration of gallium nitrate to be anti HIV was achievable in humans. Notice that there has been little or no commercial follow up on this important discovery. Why? I suspect that gallium is too expensive.

Here is what Stapleton wrote, followed by the first human results that one of my clients reported in February of 2009. Stapleton stated that gallium nitrate (Ga) was a potent ribonucleotide reductase inhibitor which had been previously shown to inhibit avian retroviruses, which Stapleton patented. Although the mechanism of it's anti-retroviral activity was not elucidated, Stapleton reported that it is known that Ga inhibits cellular activation in a manner analogous to hydroxyurea (HU), a potent anti-HIV agent. Stapleton evaluated Gallium for it's anti-HIV activity, and compared it with HU. Various concentrations of Gallium or HU were added to 1 x 106 PHA/IL2 stimulated PBMC's 24 hours prior to infection with HIV-1 stock virus. Sixteen hours following infection, cells were washed and culture supernatants were obtained 4 and 7 days post-infection. HIV p24 antigen production in culture supernatants was determined by ELISA. To determine if RT inhibitors were potentiated by Ga, zidovudine(zdv), ddI and ddC were also evaluated with and without Ga. Gallium reproducibly inhibited HIV replication at concentrations which did not inhibit cellular proliferation or viability. Gallium half-maximal-inhibitory-concentration (IC50) ranged from 4 to 10 uM gallium, which was approximately 15-fold lower than HU (120 uM) in his culture system. Using sub-inhibitory concentrations of zdv, ddI and ddC, Ga potentiated the inhibitory effects of these nucleoside analog drugs. The addition of transferrin to the cell culture did not appear to have a significant effect on the antiviral activity of Ga. Gallium was considerably more potent than HU in inhibiting HIV-1 replication in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures. This effect potentiated the effect of anti-HIV nucleoside RT inhibitors. Ga inhibits the same cellular target as HU although it does so by a different mechanism of action. Since the inhibitory concentration of Gallium is achievable in humans, and the relative potency of Gallium is greater than HU, additional studies of Ga appear warranted.

A client told me in February of 2009 that before taking gallium to treat HIV, T-cell count was very low at 200. After taking gallium the T-cell count was 2200, an 11-fold increase in T-cell count. I do not know the dosage used, but can assume it was similar to what has been previously discussed on this page. Guessing? I would say that it was less than 4 CC of the 42% gallium nitrate dissolved in at least a quart of water each day. How long did it take to observe such a response? I do not know. Is this the cure for AIDS? Maybe! Maybe gallium is the cure for HIV/AIDS. It is clearly a treatment for AIDS, and it is likely to be an effective treatment for HIV. I don't know if it is the best treatment for HIV infection or not. I just report what my client told me, and he said it was effective in raising T-cell count 11-fold. I have no personal knowledge beyond this point, so don't ask me for more information. However, if more information is obtained, I think it would be important to report it here. Not to worry, I am now trying to find out by using the above page if gallium nitrate will be an effective HIV treatment. (see report here)

Radioactive Gallium-67 salts are commonly used in locating cancers, inflammation and bacterial infections. The image to the right is a radioactive Gallium scan to assess the size and location of lymphoma in a human. The intense chest activity (dark area) is the cancer. Consequently, it is fair to say that if we used radioactive Gallium in a navicular disease experiment, one would find that Gallium uptake is primarily in the inflamed navicular bone/joint, and that such would show up in a Gallium-scan of the foot.

QUESTION: My daughter's horse is a hunter. That mare moves best with aluminum shoes. Laura does not want to use steel shoes because she believes steel shoes will harm the mare's movement. What are the alternatives?

I understand her concern. If you can find light-weight titanium shoes, such would be appropriate and totally harmless if properly fitted. After all, titanium is used in human joint and bone implants and is essentially non-reactive with tissue - but never aluminum! However, I can't find titanium shoes anywhere!

The best light-weight shoes are the Sigafoos glue-on horse shoe. They are aluminum shoes, but there is no direct contact between aluminum and the foot. They make a variety of shoes in all sizes for all types of uses in either the Series I or Series II shoes. No nails are used, thus there is no iron-aluminum battery, and they will not cause an aluminum ion contamination problem in the navicular diseased horse's foot. Shock is also greatly reduced (about 40% peak on hard surfaces) by the neoprene rim-pad. The shoe stays on, where pads under a nailed-on shoe can contribute to shoe failure due to movement. The Sigafoos glue-on shoes and pads do not take on a set, and they retain 100% of their shock attenuation property. The fabric glue-on cuff attaches to the hoof wall and it greatly reinforces the hoof-wall and greatly increases foot comfort. The glue can be pigmented to be the same color as the hoof and can be very attractive, a definite requirement for hunters. You may need to learn how to put those shoes on yourself if you can't get a farrier to install them. Installation is fairly simple for the Sigafoos Series I shoe (even I can do it). All you need is to have her farrier trim her hooves, and you can install the glue-on shoes yourself. Your farrier will likely install them once he see that you are going to put them on, and after he has read the instructions. There really is nothing to it, and they take about 30 minutes to install per pair. The Sigafoos Series II glue-on shoes are more versatile than the Series I glue-on shoe, but they are sold disassembled to provide a wide range of custom designs and applications. The Series II Sigafoos shoes will require the services of a farrier experienced with their installation due to extra equipment (hydraulic press and heater) needed for their assembly. Watch the two movies from the Soundhorse web site to see how these shoes are installed.

QUESTION: "If gallium nitrate is so effective in treating navicular disease, why don't veterinarians use it?"

ANSWER: Some do. I have sold it to veterinarians, but confidentially. Gallium nitrate solutions have not been approved through FDA New Drug Application, which are relied upon by veterinarians. Our product is regulated under Dietary Health and Safety Act of 1994 as it has been applied to horses. However, most veterinarians are conservative in their nature and will not try products unless they are marketed by pharmaceutical companies. However, with publication of my veterinary journal article in 2009, there may be a some movement among veterinarians to use gallium compounds for a number of equine-related disorders. See my new veterinary journal article here. Unfortunately, veterinary journals demand that a veterinarian be an author (there were none) and that there be a public university affiliation (there were none), consequently this article will not appear in a good veterinary journal, but it will appear in a medical science journal - somewhere. Publication rules for veterinary articles are vastly tighter than for medical articles.

QUESTION: I have seen a website were an owner asked a veterinarian about gallium nitrate for navicular disease and the vet basically belittled it, and said "it wouldn't work". What do you think about those comments?

ANSWER: Veterinarians have as their first priority "making money". How can they make money if us peasants can fix our own horses without them? We save tons of money and they go broke. Therefore, they will belittle anything that they can't make money on. Tildren(R) is a great example. They will market Tildren(R) aggressively since it must be given in a veterinary clinic over a long period of time and requires frequent repeat appointments, thus it is a great money maker for them (even if it doesn't work well). Gallium nitrate is not a money maker for them since the horse owner does all the work and the veterinarian usually gets completely left out of the success story.

QUESTION: "What is your position on shoes?"

ANSWER: I am essentially neutral on shoes, except for having a strong anti-aluminum shoe bias for navicular diseased horses. I suspect that if your horse could go barefoot that such would be preferable to shoes of any kind. Barefoot horses survived and flourished for millions of years without human involvement, and certainly not with shoes. However, even horses millions of years ago had navicular disease so, modern interventions, like aluminum shoes, do not seem to be the cause of navicular disease. See these two articles (first article and second article) for fossil records of navicular disease in horses. Do shoes worsen symptoms of navicular disease? I suspect they do in some cases, but in others they improve the horse's comfort. There are many advocates of going barefoot, and there are many more advocates of shoes. I generally defer to your farrier on this matter. However, if your farrier insists on aluminum shoes, other than the Sigafoos glue-on shoes or other aluminum shoes that are not held in place with steel nails, I would get another farrier. Think of nailed-on shoes as an artifact from another time (century), then ask yourself if they are really needed. Recognize, however, that the answer will often, and legitimately, be yes.

QUESTION: "What if my horse won't eat wet feed?"

ANSWER: Add several tablespoons of apple cider to it and he will love it.

QUESTION: "I worry so much about my horse. I check up on him every day and I can't stand to see him so lame. I give him gallium nitrate every day and I want him well NOW! I can't wait. I worry about him all the time. I am desperate. What advice do you have for me?"

ANSWER: A watched kettle won't boil. For some people the advice that I gave to keep a daily log as shown here, was the worst possible advice. For the chronic worrier, the best thing to do is to send your horse to someone that will let him just be a horse. "Green" the horse in a far-away pasture and let nature and Gallium do their jobs. You see? The key to success is to "allow" the horse to be a horse and give him time to get well UNINTERRUPTED! Stop watching the kettle! Some people insist that "if the medicine is any good, it will work quickly" and they will not give medicines for long if they do not see benefit. This is a natural feeling, but give gallium nitrate at least 6 months, and preferably 12 months. Again, let nature do its job. I have an unused 4 acre pasture, and if you want, I will take care of your horse for you until he is sound - for a fee.

QUESTION: I am a veterinarian. Can I buy gallium nitrate crystals from a manufacturer and resell it to my local horse customers as a cure for navicular disease?

ANSWER: Such would be a violation of United States law to make veterinary health or drug claims for it at this time, other than the legal pain and inflammation type claims we make for it now. If you buy crystalline gallium nitrate, it will be the hydrated form and you will need to weigh out 128 grams of the hydrated crystals (NOT 70 grams - as was used for the anhydrous material that we used in our research trial and sales products) for each 2-week supply (equivalent to 9.1 grams of the hydrated form per day). However, shipping crystalline gallium nitrate via either package services (like UPS), the U.S. Postal Service or freight requires adhering to strict federal and international laws and regulations related to shipping hazardous substances from multiple governmental and international transportation agencies, violations of which could result in a $25,000 federal fine and 10-year imprisonment. The reason for such sternness is that crystalline gallium nitrate will dissolve aluminum foil, and theoretically aluminum parts of airplanes used for its transportation if spilled. I have placed a few crystals of gallium nitrate on aluminum foil and it does make a hole through it overnight, although the liquid concentrates up to 70% did not have the same effects. These are two important reasons why I do not market the crystals. Concentrations up to and including 42% gallium nitrate are not considered hazardous under any national or international transportation rule or law, and are exempt from rules for crystals internationally. Why they don't immediately injure skin, I don't know.

If you need concentrated gallium nitrate, use my 42% gallium nitrate. See this internal link for sales. Stay safe, don't try to concentrate.

NOTE: We developed in 2006 and now only market "higher pH" gallium nitrate solutions (non citrated, and non-gelled), which are not nearly as acidic, and they are nearly the pH of a Coca Cola. Consequently they are much, much milder to use than the primitive gallium nitrate solutions found otherwise on the market. High pH gallium nitrate solutions might precipitate on long term storage (over one year) to form a white cloud involving 2 to 5 percent of the gallium. This will not affect its utility when orally ingested.

QUESTION: Can I give drugs that my veterinarian prescribed, like bute and isoxsuprine?

ANSWER: Yes, but preferably not at the same time. Give other treatments at different meals or about 2 hours separate from gallium nitrate, except for vitamins and supplements. I pour gallium nitrate over my horses feed with vitamins and minerals without worrying about it. Compared with gallium nitrate, those drugs have very little effect on navicular disease pain, and unnecessarily add to the cost of treatment. Therefore, whether or not they are used did not influence our trial results. Interestingly, very few people used them in the trial.

Be aware that oral isoxsuprine has no clinical efficacy. Only I.V. administration has been reported effective. See this clinical trial report.

QUESTION: During the research trial, I bought two bottles, one for my navicular horse and the other for a client's horse with arthritis in both front knees. The arthritic horse is very happily sound again but the navicular horse is still slightly lame. What was going on here?

ANSWER: I have had others say that it was outstanding for arthritis in their horse too, and in the summer of 2008, I used it for mild arthritis in Don Dee's right side for 2 days, which was long enough to cure it. Other people have also reported the same benefit that you and I observed. Here is what people are telling me. Fourteen percent solutions of gallium nitrate have shown immediate success in treating arthritis when used topically in people that have tried it on their arthritic hands. People that rub their arthritic hands in a 14% gallium nitrate solution for 30 to 60 minutes nearly always have nearly immediate (or overnight) elimination of all pain from arthritis. Interestingly, my sister-in-law had horrific, crippling arthritis, and she could not use her hands, and certainly could not drive a car. A single 1-hour rub terminated her arthritis pain for over one year and she is still pain-free! Her hands are still crippled, but they do not hurt. Like you said, I understand that this treatment works in horses, people, and rats according to this U.S. Patent. Infectious arthritis (caused by bacteria) is most likely the kind of arthritis cured by Gallium, since it is very strongly anti-bacterial. This was the subject of my gallium for arthritis medical journal article found here. I have used oral gallium nitrate in horses for ten years with no apparent toxicity and in people for several years without apparent toxicity, mainly because I do not give it intravenously and use low concentrations (no more than one percent).

QUESTION: You use U.S. pounds and metric system together. Why?

ANSWER: I have become accustomed to it. Sorry. A conversion table program is available here

QUESTION: "Can gallium nitrate be safely used in my navicular mare which is in foal?"

ANSWER: Gallium, like zinc, has an effect on T-cell lymphocytes, most likely on the interleukin-6 beta cytokines. Theoretically, Gallium -- in the amounts used to initiate a calcium resorption into the navicular bone and terminate inflammation -- could stimulate the uterus immune system to abort and/or re absorb the foal. I would feel much more comfortable if gallium nitrate were not used on her until she foals. I suggest instead that you determine if her intake of calcium is balanced with magnesium, and if not - supplement with the appropriate amount of magnesium carbonate. Generally, most horses get too much calcium and are in desperate need for magnesium supplements. For example, grass tetany is nearly always a magnesium deficiency. I know of an expensive warm-blood mare treated with gallium nitrate for a detached coffin bone later foal with lovely results. I almost bought that foal.

Use of gallium nitrate in mares that are intended to carry a foal should be stopped several weeks before conception only because its effect in pregnancy is unknown. We now (2005) have news of a birth of a foal whose mom was on gallium nitrate from well before she conceived, while pregnant and afterward during lactation and the baby is "perfectly wonderful". After foaling, I see no reason not to give gallium nitrate for the navicular disease. Some gallium nitrate is likely to be passed on to the foal through lactation which should help produce strong bones in the foal, however one case is insufficient to call a "trend" or "proof" and our label indicates that our product is not for pregnant or lactating mares.

QUESTION: Was any evidence that administration of 1.0% gallium nitrate might have a long term serious adverse effect?

ANSWER: As of summer of 2008 and after 12 years of experience and tens of thousands of daily doses used, the answer continues to remain ABSOLUTELY NONE at the doses we are using. I am not aware of any long term serious adverse effects, or any side effects of any kind for that matter. Many human patients have been given the same maintenance dosage (on a per weight basis) by intravenous injection (IV) by prescription as we are giving Don Dee, and as is being used by many other horse owners. Oral administration is vastly safer than intravenous administration, because it does not appear to damage the kidneys when given by this route.

Although not a "long term" side effect, there is a theoretical possibility that gallium nitrate could increase the risk of bleeding. This refers to the bleeding from the lungs that sometimes is evident in the nostrils after a hard race or other extremely hard activity. Here is my idea on this matter. Race horses do run faster on gallium nitrate. It makes competitive horses into winners. That seems clear from a number of jockeys and owners that have used gallium nitrate in their racehorses. This is a secret that I am not supposed to tell. However, there have been two people question whether or not it worsens bleeders, and since horses run faster on gallium nitrate than without it, they are also moving more air in and out of the lungs, possibly worsening bleeding. This is MY theoretical notion only and I have no evidence to support it. Two out of tens of thousands is not representative of the 60 to 100% of thoroughbred horses that bleed (without gallium) during races.

Gallium nitrate as an oral dietary supplement is authorized for humans under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA) which made all minerals, vitamins, herbs and amino acids "dietary supplements". In Texas, this has been extended to companion animals not intended for food use. I think Gallium will become an essential human nutrient for survival in the 21st century to rid our bodies of toxic aluminum. The average adult human has 0.18 milligrams of Gallium in him/her from the diet, but probably had much more during the development of our genetic code millions of years ago, and gallium may be a lost or absent nutrient responsible for the outbreak of arthritis in humans that otherwise would not occur if there was more Gallium in our diets. My horse Don Dee has most likely consumed more Gallium than any living thing since the beginning of vertebrate species hundreds of millions of years ago -- with absolutely no observed side effects over a 14-year observation period -- because the administration is oral and not intravenous. I pity those poor humans exposed to the toxic effects of intravenous gallium nitrate by oncologists. If there is a demand for gallium as a human dietary supplement, I may offer it for "bone & joint support". I have found no evidence of toxicity from metallic gallium in either humans or horses.

QUESTION: What are the separate side effects of "gallium nitrate", "gallium" and of "nitrate"?

ANSWER: I will address topical gallium nitrate side effects first, since those side effects are immediately evident. People are using my 14% and 42% gallium nitrate - violating the labeled use of my products - as treatment for arthritis. This came about from a paper that I wrote on the subject, which is linked from here. The action of gallium ion (Gallium III) in arthritis is most likely an antibacterial action against Mycobacterium as was demonstrated in this patent. From the list above one finds that gallium is antibacterial to Mycobacterium. Gallium nitrate also has strong anti-inflammatory properties as I have mentioned elsewhere in this page. Consequently, the notion that gallium nitrate could be effective in treating arthritis has substantial merit. The main method of treating arthritis is topical application of the skin over the areas affected by arthritis. There is an FDA approved clinical trial being run at Ohio State University of my 14% gallium nitrate to treat arthritis in human hands. The experiment is simple, just keep the fingers wet with the 14% solution for about 90 minutes. I think they are putting gallium nitrate solutions (or placebo) into bowls and dipping the hands in the bowl. Wash hands when finished. Relax. Hopefully they will notice absence of arthritis pain the next morning. Dead Mycobacterium cause no pain. The side effects of topical 14% gallium nitrate are immediately evident. Skin sometimes looks much dryer for a few weeks after treatment. Dead skin exfoliates a few days after treatment. Skin itches or stings, somewhat like alcohol in a cut or scratch. White hair or fur may turn to a bright orange from action of the nitrate for a while, maybe several weeks. I have treated my arthritis pains (frozen shoulder) with both 14% and 42% gallium nitrate solutions. I like the 42% solutions better, but they are more acidic (pH 1.0) than the 14% solutions and they sting more strongly. The action is stronger too. The editors of my journal article sent a copy to the Daily Mail newspaper in London when the article was first published in 2005, and they ran this article about the research. The author, Roger Dobson, titled his article, "A horse's hoof cream eases arthritis agony". I received hundreds to thousands of orders for the 14% gallium nitrate from Londoners since arthritis is very strongly affecting the older population there. I received one complaint (skin irritation) and an invitation to meet the Queen of England from an English Knight. He praised me for over a year by phone, letters, Christmas cards and email, and he sent me his shield - which is a great compliment. I still have it. He was very pleased that, for the first time in 30 years, he was pain-free. Side effects of topical gallium nitrate again? Localized inflammation on rare occasion, frequent pain like alcohol in a cut or scratch, frequent exfoliation of dead skin and frequent skin drying. Did I go to meet the Queen? What do you think?

How about systemic side effects from oral and topical treatment? Theoretically, in greatly excessive dosage, the nitrate in "gallium nitrate" could cause cancer in horses, just like the nitrates in preserved meats and vegetables can cause cancer in humans. Remember this the next time your physician tells you, "Eat more vegetables". Nitrates are actually not carcinogenic according to this article, rather nitrates cause their toxicity by the body's conversion of them to nitrites, which is a species dependent issue, with cattle being 4 times more prone than horses. Documented cases of nitrate poisoning in horses are rare, and we have not seen any evidence of it happening with use of gallium nitrate at our recommended dosages. Most cases of nitrate toxicity in horses or cows involve ingestion of nitrate/nitrite-contaminated water, nitrate fertilizer directly, or forage or hay grown in the area of a previous fertilizer spill. Only a few experimental studies have been published documenting effects of administration of high concentrations of nitrate to horses. No studies have been published that determine the amount of nitrate that horses can safely tolerate. However, studies suggest that horses, including pregnant mares, can tolerate considerably more dietary nitrate than can cattle without harm.

Nitrates are not a cancer-risk at the dosages we recommend, and I note that there are 37,000 articles on Google using the search terms "anticancer" and "gallium nitrate". Gallium nitrate is a serious and effective anticancer agent, consequently the side effects of "nitrate" as a weak cancer promoter are clearly and vastly overwhelmed by the anticancer effects of "gallium". This article about using gallium nitrate as a colorectal cancer treatment is an example. Note that they only used it 3 days out of each 14 day cycle.

Gallium nitrate has been used by humans since about 1970 to restore bone mass mainly during treatment of certain cancers, and there is some record of toxicity with human use gallium products, with these symptoms being listed as possible side effects from intravenous administration of a commercial gallium nitrate product called Ganite®: Allergic reactions including hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. Serious side effects in humans include: increased thirst, swelling in the lower legs; urinating less than usual or not at all; pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding; blurred vision, headache or pain behind your eyes; confusion, hallucinations; noisy breathing, feeling short of breath. Less serious side effects may include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation; tired feeling;feeling hot or cold; numbness or tingling; or fast heart rate. Antihistamines may be given by a physician to treate allergy-related side effects. The biolgocial half-life of gallium in the body is believed to be about 25 days. that means that each following 25 days, one half of the gallium remains. For example, in 25 days, half remains, in 50 days one-fourth remains, in 75 days, one-eight remains and so forth.

Side effects are normally treated symptomatically, such as by using antihistamines. Again, we have not noted any of these side effects in horses, nor have our clients noted any side effects in horses at the doses we are recommending. I suspect that these side effects will not occur in humans at low doses (10% of the daily horse dose) either, but could occur in humans after prolonged or excessive use of gallium nitrate, especially if given by intravenous administration. In humans, the beneficial effects of vegetables in lowering blood pressure has been attributed to the nitrates in those vegetables according to this article, consequently large doses of gallium nitrate may be expected to lower blood pressure. Gallium nitrate should therefore not be taken with drugs (without close monitoring) that lower blood pressure, such as diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin antagonists, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha-blockers, alpha-beta-blockers, nervous system inhibitors, and vasodilators. Taking other nitrates, such as nitroglycerin, is ill advised while taking gallium nitrate.

Perhaps the most important advice on taking gallium nitrate by humans is to avoid taking it with any drugs that are harmful to the kidneys, such as aminoglycosides and amphotericin B, which increase the risk for developing severe renal insufficiency.

What other drugs will affect gallium nitrate? According to the makers of Ganite®, humans should not use gallium nitrate if they are taking:

    cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune);
    a steroid such as prednisone;
    lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid);
    methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexal);
    pain or arthritis medicines such as aspirin (Anacin, Excedrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), diclofenac (Voltaren), etodolac (Lodine), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), and others;
    medicines used to treat a ulcerative colitis, such as mesalamine (Pentasa) or sulfasalazine (Azulfidine);
    medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection, such as tacrolimus (Prograf);
    IV antibiotics such as amphotericin B (Fungizone, AmBisome, Amphotec, Abelcet), amikacin (Amikin), bacitracin (Baci-IM), capreomycin (Capastat), gentamicin (Garamycin), kanamycin (Kantrex), streptomycin, or vancomycin (Vancocin, Vancoled);
    antiviral medicines such as adefovir (Hepsera), cidofovir (Vistide), or foscarnet (Foscavir); or
    cancer medicine such as aldesleukin (Proleukin), carmustine (BiCNU, Gliadel), cisplatin (Platinol), ifosfamide (Ifex), oxaliplatin (Eloxatin), plicamycin (Mithracin), streptozocin (Zanosar), or tretinoin (Vesanoid).

From the MSN Pharmacy page: "What other drugs will affect gallium nitrate?"

    cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune);
    lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid);
    methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexal);
    pain or arthritis medicines such as aspirin (Anacin, Excedrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), diclofenac (Voltaren), etodolac (Lodine), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), and others;
    medicines used to treat a ulcerative colitis, such as mesalamine (Pentasa) or sulfasalazine (Azulfidine);
    medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection, such as tacrolimus (Prograf);
    IV antibiotics such as amphotericin B (Fungizone, AmBisome, Amphotec, Abelcet), amikacin (Amikin), bacitracin (Baci-IM), capreomycin (Capastat), gentamicin (Garamycin), kanamycin (Kantrex), streptomycin, or vancomycin (Vancocin, Vancoled);
    antiviral medicines such as adefovir (Hepsera), cidofovir (Vistide), or foscarnet (Foscavir); or
    cancer medicine such as aldesleukin (Proleukin), carmustine (BiCNU, Gliadel), cisplatin (Platinol), ifosfamide (Ifex), oxaliplatin (Eloxatin), plicamycin (Mithracin), streptozocin (Zanosar), or tretinoin (Vesanoid).

Studying these lists of medicines makes me wonder why gallium nitrate is not supposed to be used with them. In nearly all cases these drugs have functions (anti-inflammatory, anti-pain, anti-biotic, anti-cancer) that gallium also has. I think the makers of Ganite are simply trying to prevent the benefits of gallium from confusing (by improving?) the results of these other drugs. It seems like a reasonable assumption, but who knows.

The makers of Cialis warn against taking Cialis with nitrates since the combination might dangerously lower blood pressure. Ditto for Viagra and similar drugs.

I suspect that these human-use drugs, or similar drugs, used in horses would be a contraindication for gallium nitrate as side effects (increased benefits?) from the combination might occur. A horse on Viagra?

How about side effects from contaminants in gallium nitrate? Our gallium nitrate is carefully tested by the manufacturer and routine tests show that it is extremely pure. It is pure enough for oral and transdermal use in humans and horses, and even pure enough for the most sophisticated application in electronics and industrial catalyst applications. Here is a representative Certificate of Analysis of the raw ingredient used to make the product we sell for navicular.

What does the Manufacturer's Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) reveal? Here is page one and page two of the manufacturer's MSDS for gallium nitrate. These sheets provide data on toxicity from large overdoses of concentrated gallium nitrate resulting from industrial accidents, not its controlled low-dose use as a drug. The MSDS reports that: "Half of mice ingesting 4360 mg/kg died, with symptoms of paralysis, somnolence and changes in their food intake." NOTE: By way of comparison, this MSDS shows that table salt (sodium chloride) kills half (LD50) of rats tested at 3000 mg/kg, consequently gallium nitrate has about 2/3 the toxicity of table salt. The MSDS continues: "Acute effects of concentrated gallium nitrate included: Large amounts of concentrated nitrates taken by mouth may have serious or even fatal results. the symptoms are dizziness, abdominal cramps, vomiting, a metallic taste, itching, bone marrow depression leading to anemia, bloody diarrhea, blood damage with subsequent renal damage, weakness, convulsions, and collapse." Chronic effects: "Small repeated doses of concentrated nitrates may lead to weakness, depression, headache, and mental impairment." Remember that these side effects are for CONCENTRATED nitrates and that is exactly why we use a very dilute solution (one percent) of gallium nitrate. Water is the main antidote.

Note from the MSDS that there are chemicals that are incompatible with gallium nitrate. That list includes: Reducing agents, oxidizable material, combustibles. Mixtures with Boron Phosphide, Cyanides, Esters, Phospham, Phosphorus, Sodium Hypophosphite, Stannous Chloride, and Thiocyanates may be explosive. Avoid contact of solid gallium nitrate or highly concentrated gallium nitrate solutions with aluminum structures (planes). Solid gallium nitrate or concentrated (>60%) solutions will dissolve aluminum over time, possibly resulting in a substantial reduction of the construction. Dilute solutions of gallium nitrate with low free acid content have minimal effect on aluminum during 24-hour exposure testing.

How about mixing gallium nitrate with glycerin for its emolient properties? Do you know what that might create? How about the explosive nitroglycerin? That would be a really big: No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No! No!

Gallium nitrate in concentrations stronger than 1% become increasingly more nasty in taste, and in doses over 2 to 3% cause oral pain. The 14% and 42% solutions cause excruciating oral pain demanding instant removal and flushing of mouth and throat. No human or horse can tolerate concentrated gallium nitrate, which is another reason to use only the one percent solutions orally. We have no idea why concentrated gallium nitrate does not cause equivalent skin pain. The client should read the manufacturer's C of A and the MSDS.

In all cases an appropriate, but not necessarily sufficient, treatment for gallium nitrate overdose or toxicity is re-hydration. It is extremely important to preserve kidney function to move gallium nitrate out of the body. If side effects develop in your horse, keep him very well hydrated and contact your veterinarian. Again, we have not had any reports of side effects in horses at the doses we recommend. Also, please recognize that the gallium product that we sell is specifically for horses. It is not labeled for human use, since there are no 1200 pound humans!

If side effects are noted, stop administration of gallium nitrate and contact a veterinarian to treat the side effects symptomatically.

A gallium for cancer article showed the following: "After chronic administration of gallium, the concentrations of magnesium, calcium, iron and zinc were decreased within tissues. Competition between gallium and magnesium was first reported in 1975. Competition of gallium with these metals could explain, at least in part, the mechanism of action of this element." Taking dietary supplements of magnesium, calcium, iron and zinc would be advised to help prevent these side effects. If gallium reduced zinc in blood and tissues, that would have the effect of lowering immunity and would increase allergic reactions since zinc stabilizes mast cells, which are the mediators of type-2 allergy in humans.

Here is a story of a 60-year old woman (Roxie C.) who took gallium nitrate for months to save her life due to severe, life-threatening calcification of multiple internal organs and arteries. She had no side effects and believes that gallium nitrate saved her life.

Here is a report of a woman who took gallium nitrate for several months without incident as a treatment for Crohn's dissease, then upon taking some sedative drugs (fentanyl and versed) developed strong allergy-like symptoms and felt miserable for a few days. This woman had been taking large doses of prednisone, an anti-inflammtory that drives down blood magnesium unmercifily, and is well known to cause irritabilitiy, anxiety and depression since it, like gallium nitrate, drives down blood and brain magnesium. She treated with topical magnesium chloride which immediately terminated the mental symptoms. In her case, perhaps gallium nitrtate also helped to drive down both zinc and magnesium, which could fully account for the allergy-like symptpoms and mental issues.

Again, people who experience allergy-like symptoms may need large doses of zinc (50 to 100 mg in split doses daily) for a while, perhaps a week, to raise zinc levels to terminate allergy symptoms. People that experience mental symptoms such as irritability, anxiety or deprssion symptoms may need to supplement with large doses (600 to 900 mg in split doses daily) of magnesium for a while, perhaps a week, to compensate for the effect of gallium in lowering magnesium. We have not noted any of these side effects in treatment of thousands of horses with gallium nitrate daily since 1996. We do not know why some people are apparently more sensitive to gallium nitrate side effects than horses, but it may be caused by the human diet being extremely low in minerals like magnesium and zinc. In fact, the major point of http://george-eby-research.com is to address the many illnesses caused by low zinc and magnesium. Please visit my homepage to learn more than you will want to know about these issues. Perhaps one must consider the risks and benefits of gallium nitrate before using it in humans, noting that our product is marketed for horses and not people.

Remember that the main action of gallium against iron-dependent bacteria is to displace iron in them, thus preventing the bacteria from replicating, ending the infection. Consider that there is a possibility of iron-deficient anemia also resulting, particularly from long-term, high dose use. We have not seen that in horses since they run faster on gallium than without it. However, Roxie C. developed anemia sufficient to cause her to be hospitalized after long-term use of high-dose gallium nitrate. Her hospitalization for anemia five years prior to taking gallium suggests that there was no relation between gallium intake and anemia. However, I remain concerned about this theoretical possibility.

QUESTION: I remember you telling me over the phone that gallium nitrate could cause blindness if spilled in the eyes. Is that true?

ANSWER: I was wrong. Gallium nitrate, according to the manufacturer, has not been found to cause blindness if spilled into the eyes, but pain and irritation, yes. Factory workers get it in their eyes fairly often. Pain? Yes! Severe burning? Sometimes! It will also dry the eyes, and it should be removed by washing the eyes. However, on December 1, 2004, I had a severe eye infection diagnosed as a bacterial infection. I had been suffering for about a week and the pharmaceutical drugs and OTC medicines were ineffective. Old George here was braver than smart, and I made an isotonic salt plus 1% gallium nitrate eye drops to take advantage of the strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect of the Gallium III ion. It hurt! I only used one drop each hour for 6 doses. However, the effect of clearing up that painful, vision impairing infection was amazing to behold. It worked! Now the vision in that eye is better than ever. One the other hand, Gallium iodate (the iodine complex of Gallium) may cause blindness if spilled into eyes. The iodine in the Gallium iodate causes blindness, not Gallium.

QUESTION: What is the difference between oral-use gallium nitrate for horses and the prescription drug called Ganite®, which is also called gallium nitrate and is injected?

ANSWER: The term "gallium nitrate" has not been used consistently to describe Ganite®. For example, it has been used to describe (a) chelator-free gallium nitrate solutions, employed for most of the in vitro and some of the animal studies and it is what we use for horses, and (b) gallium nitrate solutions which also contain "citrate" from citric acid as a chelator. Chelator-free gallium nitrate solutions (as we are using for horses) contain and release ionic gallium III, whereas citrate containing solutions at neutral pH contain gallium citrate. The prescription-only (Ganite TM) product contains both gallium nitrate and citrate at neutral pH, which allows essentially all the gallium to bind to citrate and not nitrate and I do not believe that it is ionic. Kind of a strange nomenclature, but I didn't invent it! I believe that the best and widest activity for our purposes occurs with the ionic form (gallium III) from gallium nitrate, not the citrate complexed form.

QUESTION: I have heard that soil is a combination of various minerals. How do different soils influence the onset and outcome of navicular disease?

ANSWER: The most harmful soil for a horse, particularly when the soil is wet, are certain types of clay. Clay by definition is plastic when moist but very hard when dry. Some clays are used to make pottery. Some people call it "gum-ball" mud for its disgusting characteristic of building up on the bottom of feet and shoes of both human and animal. Some "clay" is composed mainly of extremely fine particles of hydrous Aluminum silicates and other minerals. If the silicate from Aluminum is removed by atmospheric acidity (or acidic urine), and Al (III) ions become biologically available, such could be a major contributing factor to the development and progression of navicular disease in horses that do not have sufficient calcium, silicate and magnesium in their diets.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency provides nine acid rain experiments that can be used to test water and soil pH, and to buffer acidic water and soils using limestone to a neutral or even basic pH where Al (III) ions are no longer possible to form. These experiments use commonly available supplies and materials and are excellent resources for correcting the acidic environment in which a horse might live. Usually, a swimming pool pH kit is all that is needed.

QUESTION: What nutritional deficit is likely to cause navicular disease?

ANSWER: Whoa! Such a loaded question! I don't know in specific cases. However, if we think about the main nutrients for bone formation (calcium, phosphate, magnesium, zinc, copper, protein), we can ask the question, "Which of these are promoted by horse feed manufacturers and which are not?" Think about that question for a moment and you are likely to realize that "magnesium" is rarely listed in horse feed-sack ingredients. If magnesium is listed, it is likely to be the cheapest source, magnesium oxide, of which little (about 3 to 4 percent) is absorbed and utilized. Sources of the other nutrients are not nearly as severely limiting. Consequently, magnesium is a VERY good candidate for study. High dietary magnesium is associated with hard tough bones and teeth. Unless horses are fed quite a bit of alfalfa (a bad idea for other reasons discussed below), most horses do not get enough magnesium in their diets. Worse, in horse feeds magnesium oxide is used. Unfortunately it is not bioavailable according to the three published reports below.

I do not think a gallium deficiency is the cause, since gallium is found only in tiny amounts in the soil. According to Dr. Larry Bernstein, there is clearly some gallium in common foods, so it is at least feasible for gallium to be a useful, if not essential, nutrient. The average gallium content of the earth's crust is about 17 parts per million (17 ppm). The mean value for soils is about the same, with a reported range of <4 to 70 ppm (Kabata-Pendias, A (2000) Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, Third Edition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, pp 432 ). The amounts of gallium in soils are about 10 to 100 times higher than in foods, so gallium is clearly not concentrated by plants or animals. Here is a Russian report on the amount of gallium in foods, translated by Dr. Larry Bernstein.

I want to bring substantial emphasis to the likely issue of the uselessness of magnesium oxide being used in supplements and in horse feeds. Magnesium oxide appears totally useless because it too tightly bound together for the stomach acid to dissociate into a biologically useful ionic form according to the following articles. I assume this applies to horses too. This medical journal article abstract reported that "...magnesium oxide was no better than taking placebo...". This medical journal article reported "... poor bioavailability of magnesium oxide (fractional absorption 4 per cent)".... Another research reported "...The increment in urinary magnesium following magnesium citrate load (25 mMol) was significantly higher than that obtained from magnesium oxide load (during 4 hours post-load, 0.22 vs 0.006 mg/mg creatinine, p less than 0.05; during second 2 hours post-load, 0.035 vs 0.008 mg/mg creatinine, p less than 0.05). Thus, magnesium citrate was more soluble and bioavailable than magnesium oxide." This data can be interpreted to mean that magnesium oxide raised blood levels of magnesium only 1 / 37 that of magnesium citrate. Since essentially all of magnesium citrate is biologically available, and because 1/37 = 2.3%, magnesium oxide is about 2.3% biologically available from that article. Thus, these dirt cheap oxide forms of magnesium will not provide the nutritional support desired, but that is what your feed supplier is most likely to use.

Unfortunately, alfalfa is so high in protein that it causes behavior problems in some horses, especially thoroughbreds. There are two amino acids (glutamic acid and aspartic acid) that are necessary for growth of horses but also happen to be excitatory amino acids for their brains. Lots of alfalfa and clover seem fine (and necessary) for growing frisky ponies, but excess glutamic and/or aspartic acid in an adult horse undergoing training or involved in dressage work (particularly in the unfamiliar or alarming setting of competition) can have similar adverse effects on the horse's mind as giving too much mono-sodium-glutamate (MSG) or too much aspartame to people. It can mess up their brains and makes them hyperexcited, agitated, high or "hot".

In alfalfa (Lucerne), the content of aspartic acid was 19.20% and for glutamic acid was 9.37% (from Babinec et al.). Similarly these excitatory amino acids are also high in clover. Aspartate is converted to glutamate in the liver. Neither of these otherwise outstanding sources of amino acids should be used in horses (particularly thoroughbreds) undergoing dressage training or any training wherein the horse is expected to be extremely obedient and quiet. In human foods, MSG is used to improve flavor of foods, and a similar effect of glutamates seems to occur in horses, thus their love for alfalfa and clover. In fact, a small handful of alfalfa sprinkled over Bermuda grass or Timothy hay greatly increases the appeal of hay, but does not seem to promote hyperexcitability as long as the amount is no more than a few ounces of alfalfa.

Here is a humorous list of situations that NOT feeding high protein (high glutamate or aspartate) feeds might help. Magnesium and taurine, an amino acid, also help prevent glutamate excitotoxicity through regulation of calcium and mitochondrial energy metabolism, and may find utility in quieting horses toxic on glutamates (alfalfa and clover). This is a current research item of mine in equine nutrition. We have fed one to five heaping tablespoons of taurine daily, and find that it gentles one of our two wilder-than-desired thoroughbreds into a docile dressage horse. The other we deem too smart to put up with riders and we don't ride him (Don Dee), although in the spring and summer of 200, a wonderful young lady is riding him, since "He is the most elegant and outstanding horse I have ever seen or ridden" says she, even though Don Dee is 20 years old in 2008. Also, an Italian commercial preparation called RIBHORSE contains taurine and is used in the "recovery" of race horses by feeding it immediately before and after races. When routine feeding of several tablespoons of taurine per meal terminates excitotoxicity, such may mean one aspect of liver disease has been benefited. Importantly, taurine is the most common amino acid in the heart and it is so important that the liver makes it for us. There is insufficient taurine in both horse and human feeds to survive on dietary sources. For example, several years ago in 2005, Sharpe (Don Dee's brother) was not behaving well and he had a lethal liver test report. He was dying of liver failure according to our veterinarian. We gave taurine, lots of it, and his liver returned, and the latest reports showed no liver problems. Weird? True too! For vastly more information on taurine and its effects on the brain, see this report.

Long-term large feedings of alfalfa to horses are also are implicated in producing enteroliths (intestinal stones) weighing many pounds which always require major surgery to remove. These stones can also cause hyperexcitability, possibly by their irritating (bouncing) effects in the horse's intestines. These stones are made of magnesium ammonium phosphate and are believed to be caused by excess ammonia as result of breakdown of alfalfa reaching the intestines. Again, serious bone disease and laminitis can be caused by too much calcium and insufficient magnesium in diet. Grass tetany is caused by magnesium deficiency.

Consequently, I believe magnesium without the production of ammonia and without excessive phosphate is vital, particularly when there is other evidence of liver disease. I was really put off recently due to a certain Austin "homeopathic" veterinarian suggesting that "too much" magnesium (by implication the amount I recommend) would cause liver damage. Nothing could be further from the truth, and such comment only shows the total lack of knowledge of the people that we pay to take care of our horses. Look up "liver damage" or "hepatitis" and "magnesium" in the National Library of Medicine's PubMed on-line service. You won't find anything meaningful. While you are there look up "calcium" and "liver damage" or "hepatitis" and that data will blow your mind.

Alfalfa is also high in calcium, and is now implicated as the cause of most tying up incidents. The cure for tying up? Don't supplement with calcium and never feed significant amounts of alfalfa. These ideas are new, but absolutely sound.

Therefore, I do not feed high protein feeds (namely alfalfa or clover), but I do mix into our horses' feed about 16 grams of magnesium carbonate and some taurine (a heaping tablespoon each meal) as dietary supplements with their morning and evening meals. I strongly recommend magnesium supplementation in all horses, navicular diseased or not. I have used magnesium carbonate dietary supplement products for humans available at health food stores, grocery stores and pharmacies for easy measurement, but such is expensive. Bulk sales in buckets of powdered magnesium carbonate are available over the Internet Also, check your local telephone directory for availability of magnesium carbonate and taurine, under industrial, agriculture, pharmaceutical and nutritional chemicals. Also, see this google.com search for "magnesium carbonate" "supplier". See Magnesium in Horses for more information on the role of magnesium in equine mental and bone health.

We need to study the necessity for magnesium in bone development, and the effect of magnesium deficiency in bone calcium loss. You can search PubMed, the National Library of Medicine's collection of original medical and veterinary research for "magnesium deficiency" and "bone loss", "bone", "osteoporosis", "bone degeneration", "arthritis", "tieing up" "grass tetany" and other related search terms.

Low magnesium attrit the telomeres in our DNA causing aging. This is the most important reason we have to keep our magnesium levels high, since it slows aging in both horses and people. This was discovered recently by none other than world-famous geneticist Bruce Ames of Berkley. Here is what his Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences abstract says:

Magnesium inadequacy affects more than half of the U.S. population and is associated with increased risk for many age-related diseases, yet the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Altered cellular physiology has been demonstrated after acute exposure to severe magnesium deficiency, but few reports have addressed the consequences of long-term exposure to moderate magnesium deficiency in human cells. Therefore, IMR-90 human fibroblasts were continuously cultured in magnesium-deficient conditions to determine the long-term effects on the cells. These fibroblasts did not demonstrate differences in cellular viability or plating efficiency but did exhibit a decreased replicative lifespan in populations cultured in magnesium-deficient compared with standard media conditions, both at ambient (20% O2) and physiological (5% O2) oxygen tension. The growth rates for immortalized IMR-90 fibroblasts were not affected under the same conditions. IMR-90 fibroblast populations cultured in magnesium-deficient conditions had increased senescence-associated ß-galactosidase activity and increased p16INK4a and p21WAF1 protein expression compared with cultures from standard media conditions. Telomere attrition was also accelerated in cell populations from magnesium-deficient cultures. Thus, the long-term consequence of inadequate magnesium availability in human fibroblast cultures was accelerated cellular senescence, which may be a mechanism through which chronic magnesium inadequacy could promote or exacerbate age-related disease.

       If you don't know what "telomeres" are, I will tell you and give you a reference. Telomeres are the sacrificial ends of strands of DNA. They are lost a little bit each year and eventually we run out of them. At that time our DNA gets messed up and shortly later we get cancer and/or die of old age. If cells divided without telomeres, they would lose the end of their chromosomes, and the necessary information it contains. In 1972, James Watson named this phenomenon the "end replication problem." The telomere is a disposable buffer fro our DNA strands, which is consumed during cell division and is replenished by an enzyme, the telomerase reverse transcriptase. This mechanism usually limits cells to a fixed number of divisions, and animal studies suggest that this is responsible for aging on the cellular level and it directly affects lifespan. Telomeres also protect a cell's chromosomes from fusing with each other or rearranging. These chromosome abnormalities can lead to cancer, so cells are normally destroyed when telomeres are consumed. Most cancer is the result of cells bypassing this destruction. Biologists speculate that this mechanism is a trade-off between aging and cancer. Seems to me that there would be a big market for telomerase reverse transcriptase if it could be bottled or injected. We could call the product "DNA Bumpers".

Without going further into complex and multifaceted reasons for my opinion, the neglect of magnesium in horse feed appears grave. Magnesium deficiency probably causes more equine health problems than any other current equine nutritional deficit. Even nations are at risk from having imbalances in the calcium to magnesium ratio in the population's diet. The United States of America now has the worst record of heart disease in the Western world, mainly because physicians, nutritionists and dietitians, both private and government, insist on a high calcium to magnesium 3:1 ratio, when a 1:1 ratio or even a 1:2 ratio is desperately needed. For the most up to date information of magnesium and human health (applicable to horses too), read "The Magnesium Factor" by Mildred Seelig, MD, one of the world's foremost authorities on magnesium nutrition. Yes, horses have sudden death heart attacks from low magnesium - high calcium diets. If you don't mind getting your feet wet, you can start your study of magnesium and calcium imbalances here. In the following 1977 graphic from Dr. Seelig's year 2003 book, The Magnesium Factor", Finland revised its diet to include more magnesium and potassium and now has a lower incident of heart disease than Japan. Did the United States follow the lead of Finland toward the healthy heart? No. It would bankrupt many hospitals and physicians, and we are just fodder to them.

Ischemic Heart Disease Rates Correlated with Dietary Calcium/Magnesium Ratios

If the horse is nervous and does not have normal stools (formed droppings) and is considered "loose", the horse is likely deficient in probiotic intestinal bacteria such as acidophilus lactobacillus, or deficient in the amino acid taurine. Magnesium absorption and resultant behavior and bone protection is always severely and adversely impacted when loose stools occur. Taurine is necessary for bile production and metabolism of fats and has many other necessary roles that are only in the last few years becoming evident. Loose stools demand life and sanity saving dietary supplements of acidophilus lactobacillus. We have had outstanding results with a human-use product called VSL#3 in our horses. To retain strength it must remain refrigerated. It is a packet of 450 billion bacteria. This will terminate looseness in over 90% of horses or humans, and allow the horse to absorb minerals from the diet vastly better. Adding magnesium to horses' feed without adequate probiotics may be useless and may increase stool looseness. Use of antibiotics, calcium supplements, de-wormers, steroids and hormones will usually adversely affect these life giving bacteria, and large supplements of probiotics are mandatory to preserve and promote health. Always provide them after giving any of the above treatments. In humans, Kefir is vastly more potent than acidophilus lactobacillus in correcting major intestinal problems due to fungus (Candida Albicans), and I strongly suspect that feeding Kefir to horses would be extremely beneficial, although I have no direct experience and it would be expensive. Post script 2/4/05: At least Kefir did not kill my horses last night. I gave both of them a quart of Kefir on their grain. They made the most comical, distorted faces I have ever seen on a horse, as if they were asking what are you doing to me? And this stuff really tastes BAD! They did not like it, but they ate their feed, and licked the bucket clean! An even stronger and more effective probiotic is Complete Probiotic, but it would be really expensive to give to a horse.

Other Links

homepage - George Eby Research - many novel medical and nutritional research articles

George EbyLots of people have asked me what I look like, so here is my picture. I am 68 years old and live in the hill country west of Austin, Texas. I am a retired scientist/inventor.

Questions? Contact me. Questions, kudos, complaints and comments are always welcome.

George Eby
George Eby Research
P.O. Box 1142
Dripping Springs, Texas 78620 USA
telephone/fax (512) 263-0805

E-mail: george.eby@george-eby-research.com


I recently elected to change my 12-year-old policy of not using testimonials. However, I stopped accepting tesimonials in 2011. Many, many people have offered over the years to provide their testimonials concerning the benefits of gallium nitrate as a treatment for navicular disease and as a treatment for arthritis. I have always felt that it was too much of an imposition and have not taken them up on their very kind offers. Today, it is a different story, and I am now accepting testimonials. I have three reasons; one, there is no real reason not to do it; second, people want to do it; and third - and most importantly - there is a movement to euthanize horses with navicular issues that is unprecedented apparently due to economic problems with the U.S. and Western economies. Believe me, gallium nitrate is a much better idea than euthanization and it is also much cheaper. Yes, gallium nitrate is expensive, but it is actually the cheapest effective treatment known - considering the variety of useless veterinary treatments and tests available. Don't waste your money on expensive testing, just start treating with gallium nitrate so you can get back to enjoying your horse soon.

George, Hopefully you will remember me.  I live in Aiken, South Carolina and have a 12 year old AQHA/APHA mare with navicular syndrome. I wrote you a rather lengthy note as to the mare's background since purchasing her in 2004.  I told you I was "guardedly optimistic" about the gallium nitrate, having tried almost everything known to man to date to get her sound and comfortable (and failed) and you replied "I think you will be pleasantly surprised with the gallium miracle".  WELL, ARE WE SURPRISED!!! I had pulled her egg bars in October, she was sooo off and unhappy. I put her on gallium nitrate as a top dressing on some beet pulp, using half a bottle (250 CC) of one percent in the a.m. and the other half in the p.m. This was done late November into early January. She has not had any since. I must preface by saying I have not ridden her yet, being patient giving her time to feel better, but certainly not necessary to see her physical condition...I can SEE it.  She is trotting and cantering at will in the pasture.  She pivots fore and hind in a tight space without any evidence of lameness.  Her feet are wearing evenly. Her front feet have become round, not contracted.  She is landing flat, not toe first.  She can be groomed ALL OVER without ear pinning, tail swishing or turning her butt toward me.  Her demeanor has totally changed.  She IS HAPPY!!  She is relaxed.  Using a "molasses cookie" or carrot piece she will drop her head and neck, rounding up, and back WILLINGLY on the command: "Drop it and back", and backs straight.  She never liked to back, always got those teeth grinding. Her musculature has changed.  She is rounded up in the hind quarters, her gaskins have enlarged, her pecs have enlarged, her undercarriage has tucked up and her throat latch has slimmed.  She almost always stands squared up when at rest though at the end of the day I have noticed her crooking a hind leg while at rest indicating how she has been using the hind quarters.  She looks like she is ready for the show ring again. Sooo, at the end of this month I am going to saddle her and see what happens next.  Of course we will start slowly.  I think horses do remember pain and I want her to tell me how to proceed.  Again, PATIENCE has been the operative word and six months off is NOT a long time.  I will let you know the next chapter.  I am so glad I found your website.  My husband said to me yesterday, "you had even thought about putting her down, how lucky to have found that website, she might not be here.

Leslie Smith,
Aiken, SC
teacupfox at aol.com

Mr. Eby,

I wanted to send you an update on my Hanoverian mare that I have had on Gallium Nitrate 1% maintenance dose for one year. She is my Dressage mare that I bred who injured herself playing in the pasture last Spring. She injured the left high suspensory high which is serious. She had ESW (electric shock wave) therapy as well as stem cell therapy for this injury along with stall rest and hand walking only. She seemed to be progressing about one month after the therapy and then her hind leg swelled up again even though she was still on stall rest and hand walking. I tried wrapping it w/poultice but couldn't get the swelling down completely. I wrote to you and you suggested the GN for her as I had used this on another horse for navicular and I was familiar with it. I put her on the loading dose and within 3 days the swelling was down. I continued that dose for two weeks and then went to the maintenance dose. She recovered so well that I continued her on the maintenance dose. I was able to bring her back to work this Spring, one year after the injury, and she has been doing very well and has continued to stay sound. Since she is 13 yrs. old this year, I decided to keep her on the maintenance dose to protect her from another re-injury and to help any arthritis that might occur. It is cheaper than any of the other arthritis formulas and seems to work much better.

I also wanted to let you know that my Irish TB mare who had the navicular changes in her x-ray but no symptoms has done remarkably well on the maintenance dose of GN 1%. I kept her on this in order to keep her from developing any problems with the navicular changes. I sold her this Summer and the best news is that the new owners realized the importance of this supplement and are keeping her on the maintenance dose to insure that she will continue to be sound in Dressage.

I am going to put my oldest horse on the maintenance dose of GN before the Winter to help her arthritis during the colder months. She will be 30 yrs. old in 2009 and deserves to be comfortable in her later years. I am so glad that I found out about GN 1% and intend to keep it a part of my feeding regimen with my horses. Thanks for the information that you have helped me understand about GN 1% to keep my horses sound and pain free.


Trudy Adams
Greer, SC
Email: daveadams at bellsouth.net

Mr. Eby, I would like to tell you how grateful I am that I "happened" on your research paper (http://naviculardisease.com)on Gallium Nitrate for horses with navicular syndrome.

Just a little about my background with horses before telling you my recent experience. I have been seriously involved with horses, primarily show hunters and jumpers for more than 60 years - and in the past 15 years dressage horses - which tells a little about my age but I am certainly not ignorant where horses and lameness issues and proposed treatments are concerned. I have also been an active breeder of Trakehner horses for over 25 years and worked for an orthopaedic surgeon (people type) for 26 years (now retired). I believe my background should take me off the "kook roster" where horses and medical treatments are concerned.

I have a 17.2 hand Trakehner gelding with wonderful potential in dressage. I sold him as a 4-year old as a dressage prospect and he did very well for a couple of years and then began having soundness issues. I bought him back when he was 8; he was completely unsound and I took him to the Cleveland Equine Clinic where he was diagnosed with "moderate to severe" navicular syndrome. I was told he would probably never be really sound again at least not for showing. I went the usual route with medications and corrective shoeing. I have one of the best farriers in the country and the corrective shoeing helped a little and was able to ride him up to 15 minutes at a time but then he would become "off". I worked with him for over 2 years and had just reached the decision to have him euthanized when I stumbled over your research paper on gallium nitrate.

I honestly thought it was probably just another 'off beat' treatment that wouldn’t really work but since I was really desperate and ready to send Fiddle off to the final pasture, I felt it was worth a try. I ordered a bottle of the 42% and started him on the protocol on July 12th, 2008. To my surprise he became sound after about one week. We waited another 2 weeks before starting to ride him. He remained sound. He is now (Sept 1, 2008) working 30-35 minutes a day and progressing daily. He is ABSOLUTELY sound and has not taken an unsound step since early July. The ONLY thing we have done that wasn't being done previously is give him your gallium nitrate.

I have a very talented jumper mare that I have leased to a friend as a broodmare as she has some arthritic changes in a knee and hock that were starting to become a problem. I will be getting her home in December of 2008 and plan to start her on gallium nitrate. She is only 11 so if we can help her to become sound again she will be able to continue her jumping career. As an aside – I have arthritis in my left hand that causes swelling and almost constant discomfort and an inability to 'make a fist'. I have begun soaking my hand in the gallium nitrate solution that I make up each morning for Fiddle. The swelling is gone and my hand is almost pain free and has almost complete mobility.

I would be happy to discuss my experience with this treatment with anyone who has questions about it. It may seem expensive but it certainly isn't any more expensive than many of the NSAIDs that are so popular or the many joint supplements that are available plus it really does work. If the problem is muscular it won't help but if the problem is orthopaedic, my experience is that it works very well. Fiddle will go to his first dressage show in 6 years in October. We expect great things from him.

Sue Pitzer
Avella, PA
Email: pitzer1 at earthlink.net

Hello George, I just wanted to tell you about my experience with Gallium Nitrate. I have an 11 year old Irish sport horse that I have been competing successfully in ridden hunter classes for the last 6 years. About two years ago he was intermittently going lame or slightly "feelly", and I suspected navicular and decided to try Gallium nitrate. After the first couple of daily doses he was again moving beautifully and I continued to give it to him for about 2 weeks, then 2 weeks off and 2 weeks back on it...for a couple of months. He was perfect, of course I was also getting my farrier to regularly trim and monitor his progress. He remained sound for about 12 months and then was slightly feelly again, I immediately gave him Gallium Nitrate and he has remained sound since May 2007, however just recently has started to show a slight shortening of stride and lameness, when I gave him some Gallium Nitrate he again returned to normal.

At one stage I did get him X-rayed for navicular but my vet said he showed no signs of it, whether he has it or not, the gallium nitrate actually worked on whatever his niggling ailment is and I will continue to use it as and when necessary.

On each occasion, except for the very first time that I gave Gallium Nitrate, when I gave it alternating 2 weeks on then 2 weeks off for 2 months, I have given it continuously for 2 to 3 weeks and stopped, although the results are obvious in less than a week. He has been sound for over 12 months since his last treatment of it. This horse did a lot of work this past summer and was in great form all year. Just recently when I thought he wasn't comfortable and was "feely", I only had enough Gallium Nitrate for a couple of days treatment, but even that much seems to have improved the situation....... Hence the reason that I need more now.

Jackie McGrath
Co Clare
Email: mcgrathsaddlery at hotmail.com

Dear George, We have a team roping horse that was diagnosed with Navicular in 2005, and have the x-rays that show the diagnoses. We had tried the "normal" treatments, corrective shoeing, etc. etc., but we were not seeing the results that would allow us to continue competing at the level that we desired. We found your website while doing research on the Internet for navicular disease and like so many of your customers, decided we might as well try it as we had nothing to lose and were considering retiring the horse.

We started Freddie on the Gallium Nitrate in the fall of 2005 and after 3 weeks we saw a definite improvement and were back in the "roping pen". We continued this treatment for approx. 90 to 120 days and then we stopped all treatment. He was fine and we continued throughout 2006, 2007 and into the spring of 2008 and we were back to winning. This past summer we noticed a slight favoring of that foot and we are now starting Freddie back on the treatment. We have seen the results that are obtained by using this product and will have Freddie back on treatment as soon as we receive our new order. Rest assured we will continue on a maintenance program with him and had it not been for the Gallium Nitrate, we would have retired this horse three years ago.

Thanks again for your Gallium Nitrate, it really made a huge difference with Freddy.

Dub McClister
Marion, Texas
Email: dub.mcclister at mindspring.com

Hi, my name is Minnie and I am a 17 year old American Quarter Horse. I am sorrel in color and I have been shining like a copper penny for the past 14 years. I say this because my first 3 years of my life were not so good. I was moved from Darby, MT to Clyman, WI when I was around 2 years old. Once I moved to Clyman, WI, I was not treated all too well as I ate manure and wood from the barn for 6 months.

When my present owner saw me, I was pretty skinny and I am not sure what she saw in me, hence my nickname, Skinny Minnie, a.k.a. Minnie. My present owner bought me in May of 1994 and that was after 3 months of good nutrition was provided to me. My feet were trimmed which they might have been done once in my 3 years of life, as they were starting to curl up. I was also vaccinated and de-wormed as I probably was never vaccinated or de wormed in my 3 years of life.

I am delighted to tell you that there has been a marked improvement in Treasure (my llama). She is now walking and standing along with the other llamas, her pastures have come up slightly and although she is not 100%, I am so pleased with her amazing progress. We have been giving her the gallium nitrate daily for 6 weeks now and there is probably about 2 more weeks of solution left. I am hoping to see even more improvement by the time the solution is all used up. I can’t thank you enough for your miracle medicine. I took pictures of Treasure’s feet before we started and will take some in a couple weeks for comparison and I will send them to you.

All the best
bbllama "at" telus.net

I was not halter broke and did not like humans, however, my new owner was very patient. My first set of shoes were pony shoes because my feet were so tiny and I really looked like a yearling. You would have never known that I was a 3 year old.

Everyone told my new owner that she bought nothing but a bag of bones and trouble, however, she vowed to me that she would do everything that she could to bring me back to the horse she knew was underneath that so called bag of bones.

My owner and I have had a lot of good times together riding on the trail, in the show ring, or even down the busy highway cantering along to see if we could out run the semi’s that were passing us.

I have made her proud with the two foals that I have produced and was even a good enough mom to accept and nurse an orphan Arabian filly for 3 months. I have also made her proud by allowing some stranger, who was an elected official, ride me on an organized trail ride that benefited the Make-A-Wish Foundation. I was even well behaved when the turkeys flew up and scared the daylights out of me. However, I knew that this elected official’s guardian angels could not fly as fast as I could run so I thought it best to just spook in place.

Over the years, I have acquired the name, the "Dainty Little Princess." I have seemed to "break", I guess you would call it. Although I have increased my shoe size to a double "0". I have been diagnosed with being heel sore and had to have my angles changed to a 55 degree. I even almost bowed a tendon in my right front foot. I wore a gel cast for 10 days. Needless to say, my owner and I have had a lot of bonding together as we have either walked in the indoor arena. Or walked down the road in the wind, rain, sleet, and snow; you name it, we were walking twice a day for 30 minutes and she never missed a day.

This brings me to my current situation. For five years I have been barefoot and sound. In March of 2008 I came up lame. My owner called the vet clinic and scheduled a time for them to come out to do a lameness exam and x-rays. My owner jokes around about the number of x-rays that I have had done on my right leg, over the years, that it should be glowing. When the vet ran the x-rays, my owner stated to the vet that she thought it might be my navicular or coffin bones that were creating the issue. I guess you would call it a gut feeling.

She was given instructions on how to care for my present lameness. It was strongly suggested that she have the farrier at the vet clinic work on my dainty little feet. So, she did and by the time she left she felt that she did wrong by me as he dropped my angles from 55 to at 48 on my right foot (my really bad foot) and from a 55 to a 50 on my left foot. There was no adjustment that was made in the angle changes. I had a longer toe on my right front foot and very little heel. My owner was told to ride me however and by June, I was really really bad. So bad that I was at the point she could barely get me out of my stall some days. She was ever so patient with me while crying and I know wishing she could carry me out of the stall.

So she called the vet clinic to tell them that I was really bad and could barely walk at times. She stated that she was getting a 2nd opinion. The vet clinic begged her to have them come back out. So, she agreed. They told her that I should have 30 days of stall rest and ran more x-rays.

By the time my 30 days was up, I was doing a little better. So, my farrier told my owner to start riding me at a walk down the road. So, she did. I did pretty good for awhile and then could not walk without limping. My owner decided to do what she thought was best and that was just turn me out as the farrier was due back.

At that time the farrier, the good farrier not the one that butchered my feet, took my shoes off and stated, "I have done everything that I could at this point in time. There is a CEVA study going on at this other clinic maybe, you should see if, you can get her in there."

On October 5th, I was loaded up and was taken in to see if I was eligible for the CEVA study that was being conducted on navicular horses. I was longed, flexed, the whole nine yards. It was very difficult for my owner to watch me during my flexion/lames exam. I even made it to the MRI stage, however, I was not accepted into the study because of all of my underlining issues that were going on.

The MRI indicated that I had fluid around the coffin bone of the right front foot, bone degeneration of the navicular bone, inflammation of the navicular bursa and I had bowed my deep digital flexor tendons on both front feet. I was a 3 out of 4 lame on my right front foot and a 2 out of 4 on my left front foot.

She was given 4 options by the vet clinic.

Option one: was to give me the Tildren injection which was going to cost her $1,000.00. She does everything that she possibly can to her financial ability, but just could not do this option.

Option two: Was to put me on Gallium Nitrate and have the farrier at the vet clinic work on me. She was told by a dear old friend that if she had me worked on by this farrier that he would do everything he could to make me feel better and fix me.

Option three: Was to nerve me where I could not feel anything. This could be potentially dangerous because of the bowed tendons because I would not feel if I were in pain and could blow my tendons completely and then would have to be put down.

Option four: Was to just put me down. Well, this was not an option for my owner as she would like to do everything for me so I am not in pain.

My owner settled w/Option two. I was started on the Gallium Nitrate on the 16th of October, 2008. It is poured on my grain AM & PM and even though I am a very picky eater I don’t even know it is there. Plus, I get my 20 minute walks.

The farrier came out to the barn where I am kept on the 7th of November to work on my daughter. My owner and he discussed me so she took me out of my stall to walk me up and down the aisle-way. The farrier stated that he thought I looked much happier. He did not work on my feet because I was being taken back to the vet clinic to have that farrier work on me again.

On the 12th of November, I had a re-evaluation done after being on the Gallium Nitrate for almost a month. The vet looked at me work on a hard surface and I was still off, however, not as bad as when I went to the clinic on the 10th of October. The vet ran me through a series of flexion tests in the arena and worked me. He could not believe how much I had improved in 30 days.

The farrier was there and watched me go through my series of flexion tests. The vet was telling the farrier how messed up I really had been before, and how pleased he was with my progress thus far. The comment that the vet stated was, "She looks so much happier than when she originally came in."

My owner shared stories about my past and the good things that I have done in my life and the fun that my owner and I have together. This is when the vet and farrier both stated that I was worth my weight in gold, thus, the shiny gold (sorrel) coat that I have. I had my feet done again by the farrier and was told to keep on my controlled exercise program, however, I got my hand walks down the road increased to 30 minutes a day. I am not sure that my owner is terribly excited about walking me 30 minutes, a day as once again it is winter but, I always know that I can count on her. She was told by the veterinarian to keep me on the Gallium Nitrate and bring me back after I have been on it for 3 months to see my progress.

I am writing this testimonial on Monday, December 8th, 2008, as my owner saw something yesterday that made her cry. Yesterday, Sunday, December 7th, 2008, I was turned out in my small paddock w/my 6 year old daughter and I started to run and play. I was leaping in the air with all four feet off the ground and landing and taking off and running. I was snorting, flagging my tail and bucking in place. My owner thinks that the best part was that she never saw me take an off step the whole time. Granted, she was thinking, "please don’t hurt yourself." This is the 1st time that she has actually seen me play like I was a filly since I came up lame in March.

My owner, myself, my farrier, the vet clinic farrier and the vet all have contributed my progress to the Gallium Nitrate and the continued care. No matter how cold or terrible the weather is she is there. We are all hoping that my 3 month re-evaluation is even better news.

Oh, and by the way, my owner broke her wrist in 4 places last year while helping a friend out with her horse. She applys the 42% solution of gallium nitrate to the wrist that she broke and she says she notices a huge difference as her wrist does not hurt. She also stated that after loading and putting up 100 bales of hay and mixing my medicine that her wrist and fingers were not stiff the next day as they have been in the past to the point that she could not make a fist.

Thanks, for reading my story, Minnie the American Quarter Horse.


Minnie and Tina (the owner) Bothum
Fort Atkinson, WI

minnielu91 at yahoo.com

Dear George, I cannot thank you enough! Your Gallium Nitrate solution has changed the way I look at and buy horses. My horse, Winston, a 12 year old, Oldenburg Gelding was unsound for unknown reasons when I bought him. I feel very fortunate to have stumbled across your research page while searching the Internet. After spending the day reading and re-reading your testimonials I took the chance and ordered the 42-day supply for Winston. It did not take long for Winston to become sound. Only after 10 consecutive days of being on the Gallium Nitrate solution Winston begin moving sound! I was sure to call my trainer and friends to spread the amazing news. Now being on Gallium Nitrate for over 4 weeks, Winston is happy and doing better than ever. I will continue to use this miracle solution on Winston and any horse of mine that has "problems". Also I will strongly recommend Gallium Nitrate to the person who buys Winston. I believe that any horse can and will benefit from this pain-relieving solution. In my field I come across many "throw aways" or horses that wealthy people have overused. A lot of times I save these horses and try to fix them. Now I can thanks to you!

Thank You, & May God Bless You Even More than He Already Has!

-Holly N. Homewood
exceptional_equines at hotmail.com

Hi George, We have been off for the Christmas and New Year's holiday from school, so today is my first day back at work. Below is my story of Amigo's amazing recovery.

Amigo, my 5 year old paint gelding, was diagnosed by my vet in March of 08 with a very typical case of Navicular Syndrome. His feet were x-rayed, and you could see some faint discoloration and scalloping on the Navicular bone. He was also lame on both front feet while trotting (using nerve blocks) in a fairly small circle both ways. The left foot was worse than the right. My vet suggested removing his shoes, changing farriers, and using Isoxsuprine, and absolutely no riding for 60 days. After the 60 days Amigo was still lame and remained so until the end of October 2008. He never got worse, but he never got better either.

I took him back to the vet after 60 days and for a check-up, the vet said that this was going to take time and some horses never do recover. I was heartbroken of course. That is when I started doing some research on the Internet and came across George's web site. I started Amigo on GN in August. After 14 days I rode him lightly but he was still lame, but it only lasted a couple of hours. After about 90 days on GN Amigo was sound. I was trail riding and doing light arena work. He was out of shape and had to started gradually. We are now trail riding every weekend (3 hour rides each day, with a lot of trotting and cantering) and working in the round pen a couple of days a week after work. If the trails are rocky, I use Cavallo boots on him. I don't use the boots in the round pen, or on sandy trails.

I started riding late in life, in my 50's, and I am not an expert on horse health. I can only say that Amigo and I are happily riding the trails again and I am eternally grateful for GN. This is a much better alternative to cutting the nerves or euthanasia. Thanks George!!

Chris Olson
Greenville, Florida
chris.olson at taylor.k12.fl.us

Hi George, Thank you for the advice. Here is the story, please forgive me for any not-so-good expression or grammar. English is my second language.

I have a wonderful mare, she is 12 years old. We used to jump, but three years ago she showed lameness in her right front. On and off. She was seen by four vets, and a vet hospital staff. She went through a two day long nerve block examination, ultrasounds, where they determined she has a small inflammation on her lateral suspensory branch. Stall rest was recommended for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks of strict stall rest she was even worse. Stiff, painful, grouchy. Pasture puff for 6 months with a very quiet herd. We did ultrasounds, shock wave therapy, ultrasounds again in a year on that ligament. The inflammation was gone, the horse was supposedly 100% sound. She was not. Lame, 2 out of 5. Heartbreaking to see a beautiful, athletic animal limp around.

Another vet was called, more nerve blocks and X-rays. This vet suggested the problem with the foot. Horse is barefoot, balanced trims every 4-5 weeks. Vet's opinion is everyone's nightmare: navicular disease. Cyst-like lesion in the navicular bone. Isoxsuprine recommended. I had doubts about the effectiveness of that drug after reading many stories about navicular disease.

Finally I found a very interesting site with Gallium Nitrate, and a promising story about Don Dee's fight with the navicular disease. The Gallium Nitrate was ordered. A week later the mare was started on the substance. Three days later the mare improved from 2 to 1 out of 5 on the lameness scale. She was kept on Gallium Nitrate for 4 weeks. Three months later she has a very slight lameness, I would describe it like 0.5-0.8 out of 5. Hardly noticeable. I am hoping this will resolve within a few months too - after another month of gallium nitrate.

The Gallium Nitrate was diluted to 1%, and did not cause any side effect. The 0.5 liter liquid was given with the grain, I used pelleted feed and pelleted straw to soak up the Gallium Nitrate-water solution. It had a metal-like taste, but the horse did not have any problem with consuming it.

Thank you George Eby for publishing your work and results, you made one more horse comfortable.

With regards,

Niki Buko
Guelph, On., N1G 5J2
nbuko at pppoe.ca

Dear George, I cannot tell you how much Gallium Nitrate has meant to my horses and me. Your research has really been a God send.

When I heard the word "navicular" my heart dropped to the floor. The x-rays showed it, but my heart would not accept that my wonderful show gelding was in trouble and I could not "fix it" for him. I cried for days but I decided I would not just give up and let Snazzy deteriorate.

He could barely walk and did very little of that. He was in constant pain. The vet was giving him the usual set of treatments but it was not helping him. I was devastated.

I went on-line and found several new methods that were being used to treat navicular disease. I called about the treatments and talked with my vet. He did not think much of any of the treatments and was not much interested in any discussion.

When I found your website something just clicked. I ordered the Gallium Nitrate and became a member of your trial. I was determined that Snazzy was going to go down fighting this horrible thing.

Within two weeks Snazzy was improving, in five weeks we were back showing on the AQHA circuit and getting points. He remained on the Gallium Nitrate for a solid year and never had another lame step. He was on maintenance for another 6 months and then I stopped the GN completely. He has been sound ever since (three years and counting).

I have told many of my friends about Gallium Nitrate and they have successfully used it on their horses. Some horses had navicular problems, some had arthritis problems and then some had problems with swelling. They in turn have spread the word to their friends.

I also told strangers at horse shows, trainers, vets and people on-line what I found and how it had worked for Snazzy. They are always skeptical at first but start asking questions and then visit the website.

I know it is not nice to say "told you so" but it is rare that I let my vet come to the barn without reminding him that my "poor gelding is navicular". He just gives me the "the look".

My husband also uses Gallium Nitrate on his arthritis and I made fast work of plantar fasciitis with just two applications of GN to the bottom of my foot.

Thank you again for all you have done to help horses and I will continue to "shout out" the good word about Gallium Nitrate to any and all who will listen.


Marla Miles and Much Too Snazzy
milesmjs at msn.com

Dear George, After reading all the other testimonials sent in by many horse owners far and wide, I thought to myself "been there, done that".

Our mare Jill belongs to my daughter, who showed her in 4-H and for a short time in small hunter/jumper shows while she was still sound enough to jump. We purchased Jill in April 2003 at 9 years old. Her first lameness exam was in June that year only two months after we got Jill. Jill's lameness issues were like most horses, they are sound for awhile and then they are off again. My daughter never knew when she went out to the barn to ride or for lessons, if she would be able to ride Jill or have to use another lesson horse that day. It was very disheartening to have that happen time after time for YEARS!

We love our mare and she had been described by one of our many vets as "stoic". Jill could tolerate a lot of pain and still wanted to please my daughter when she tried to work out Jill's stiffness or joint pain or whatever label the vet would put on it for that visit. Finally, severe navicular syndrome came down as a diagnosis - no cure or quick fix for that. Many thousands of dollars later after paying for vet bills, lameness exams, different kinds of supplements, x-rays, nerve blocks, corrective shoeing by many different farriers, an unnecessary surgery for a non-existent bone chip, coffin bone and hock injections -- I could go on and on. Hand walking and long stall rests were part of our normal routine. My daughter would cry and me right along with her. We tried everything under the sun to make Jill sound again and were so very frustrated. At her worst, she could barely walk out of the stall for the examine. The really sad part was that both Jill and my daughter had a passion for jumping and just loved it.

We were at a crossroads when the coffin bone injections stopped being effective. A couple of other surgical procedures were offered including de-nerving but there were no guarantees that either proposed surgery would help Jill. We were told that she had the third worst case of navicular disease that one veterinarian had seen in his long career. If her lameness continued to progress, he suggested that we put her down. I didn't even present that option to my daughter. Our last attempt at helping Jill was to take her to Equi Spa of Bristol in Bristol, Wisconsin, for cold water spa treatments. It was at Equi Spa that one of Jill's caretakers came across your article on the Internet on how gallium nitrate could help horses with severe navicular issues like Jill. The spa treatments included change in diet, massage therapy, treatments in the tub, lots of pampering with tender loving care. We also gave the routine doses of gallium nitrate. The gallium was started over a year ago and I am absolutely thrilled to report that Jill is a happy, sound horse today at age 15 which we attribute to the use of gallium nitrate with occasional cold water spa treatments. We also took off her corrective shoeing and it has been an amazing transformation to see her hooves heal and grow naturally.

Thanks to you there are many horse owners who can share their success stories with gallium nitrate along with their horror stories about owning and loving horses with navicular syndrome and its many complications and perplexities.

Ellen Gyger
Lyons, Wisconsin
lgygersr at wi.rr.com

Hi George, Two and one-half years ago my daughter's 4-year-old QH gelding was diagnosed with navicular disease. Our vet sent Dream to the state vet school. Through x-rays he was diagnosed with changes in the navicular bone in the right front foot. At that time he was head bobble lame. We had wonderful vet care and I can't say enough about the skills of the vets and students. The horse was given an injection the right front foot. He was sent home to rest for a week and then we could try to ride him. Unfortunately, for Dream, the injection didn't work completely and he needed to be given Bute each time my daughter rode him. After about 3 months of tears from my daughter and a lame horse we decided to give the Gallium Nitrate a try.

It took almost 4 months of full doses daily of Gallium Nitrate for the horse to become sound. He started slowly getting better. Since he became sound 2 years ago we haven't given him any more Bute or injections. We found that doubling his does a day or 2 before the farrier came and for a day or two after kept Dream sound even through shoeing. Dream was kept on full dose of the Gallium Nitrate for almost 2 years. My daughter rode her horse for 2-3 hours a day in the summer, on the weekends showing for a full day in every class from halter, showmanship, trail, pleasure and English classes. In the winter she rode him 4 times a week at least. Now she has graduated from high school and only rides a couple of times a week since she is in college. This past fall after the show season we put him on 1/2 dosage of the Gallium Nitrate. He has stayed sound. Just as exciting as soundness with half doses, is that we have pulled his shoes and are trying the barefoot trim with him. The first barefoot trim he had, I put him on full dose for the day he was trimmed only. He was never lame and moved off great. Since then he has had several more barefoot trims and I have only given him the maintenance dose.

Gallium Nitrate saved this horse from a lot of pain and gave a horse crazy girl her horse back. They are a wonderful sound team thanks to Gallium Nitrate. I should also mention that this horse is HYPP N/H. We are very strict with his diet and adding the Gallium Nitrate didn't appear to have any negative impact on his HYPP N/H status while allowing him to move pain free.

Mary Seekins
Hudson, Ia
Seehud at yahoo.com

Hello George, Pistol, my quarter horse mare is doing great on the maintenance of gallium nitrate I give her.

Pistols background, I bought her as a pleasure mare in 1998 and it soon became apparent that she had a serious lameness that had been covered up when I purchased her. I had no experience with lameness in horses and had my farrier out to check her over. He advised me to return her because he believed she had navicular. The vet x-rays confirmed navicular but, I refused to return because I had become very attached to her and was afraid she would end up in a kill pen somewhere. I tried for years to treat her with bute, supplements and medications her vet tried on her. I was seriously to the point of putting her down because she was in pain most of the time, she laid in the pasture most of the day, she limped constantly and when she stood after laying down she would have to stand stock still until she felt like taking her first painful step. Then in 2004 during an Internet research, I stumbled on this program and purchased my first bottle of gallium nitrate. I started out on the recommended dosages and followed the plan exactly, after a couple of weeks I could see she was improving. We stayed with the program and she improved so much that I started reducing the amounts she was being given. This is her 5th year and I give it to her simply as a maintenance dosage to maintain health. I can’t tell you how much it meant to me to watch her lope across the pasture with her buddies and the fact that she can be a horse again and be pain free. Thank you so much for your study, thank you for answering all my questions in the beginning, I know I was a total pest but you never lost patience with me and encouraged me from the start. Without this product, without this study I would have lost my horse 5 years ago. Thank you George!

Sharon Boone
Remlap, Al
snboone1 at bellsouth.net

Hi George, My mare, Seren has a history of lameness in her left fore foot. I had X-rays taken, but my vet was unable to diagnose the problem exactly. He put Seren on "Bute" and suggested remedial shoeing, but even on two sachets a day she was not really sound, and the longer she was on it, the less effect it had. My Vet also disliked her being on two sachets a day anyway, because of the risk of gastric ulcers. The remedial shoes consisted of pads and wedges, which had limited effect and then I tried the plastic Epona shoes, which seemed to rub Seren’s soles and give her foot abscesses. I have also tried various herbal anti-inflamatories with very little success.

Hope came when I saw an article in the Daily Mail newspaper regarding Gallium nitrate and arthritis, decided to Google it, and came across your website. My Vet had also heard about your trials, and although he couldn’t officially prescribe it, said it was worth a try. Well it was the best thing I ever did. I ordered the Gallium and within about a fortnight of Seren starting to take it she became sound and I was able to reduce the "Bute" then stop it altogether. Her arthritis in her hocks was also much improved, making her a lot less stiff.

I now find that I can keep her virtually pain free on a "maintenance" dose of one small bottle of the diluted gallium nitrate every other day, and I sometimes rest her from it for a fortnight or a month at a time. It has made her so much happier in herself, and I have gone from looking at having her put to sleep, to being able to use her as an escort for Lara, my young horse, to give her confidence on the roads. It is so lovely to have extended her life in this way, and I would like to say a big thank you for all the work you have done developing the treatment, and for having had the courage and determination to do it!

Best regards,

Joy Haywood
joyhaywood1 at googlemail.com

Hi Mr. Eby, I purchased a beautiful Grulla Quarter horse mare in 2001. I had video taped her before purchase. She moved out beautifully, very smooth, and well mannered. She could spin up a tornado and stop with her tail leaving drag marks behind her.

I brought Honey Bear home and forty eight hours later our nightmare began. She came down with a 104' temp and was having trouble breathing. I hauled her home with another mare that she had been stable mates with, the other mare was not ill. Honey Bear was diagnosed with BUTE pneumonia. She recovered from the pneumonia extremely well but she was left limping on her left front leg. Our beautiful mare had been injured in the past and she had been the victim of Bute toxicity.

She began to walk as though she was navicular, X-rays were negative. Her hooves were in great condition with the exception of having sliders on front and back. We removed all of her shoes, she showed a little improvement over time. We could ride her for only short periods and very lightly. I began to look for something and someway to improve this beautiful mares pain. We refused to use bute on her, the next thing that was suggested was Bantamine injections when she hurt the most. I began Internet surfing and came across George Eby and his research on Gallium. At the time we just could not afford it. We own a 501c3 equine therapy program for "Special Needs" individuals and Honey Bear was a very special partner in the program. She loves to make faces which makes the children laugh. We are located in N.W. Oklahoma and most of our clients are unable to pay for their lessons due to their own medical expenses, Due to my change in jobs recently I was able to purchase our first Gallium with the help of the physician I work for, who has great love for horses and owns several himself. He is the last of dying breed, if the need arises he will make a house call on horseback if that is the only way to a patient.

We started HB on the gallium, it was trial and error at first. Due to all of the medication she has received over the years she is down right cantankerous when it comes to meds. We tried the water bucket to no avail, if she sees you putting anything in her water or thinks you have, she refuses to drink. But I was able to outsmart her in that I used a 50 cc irrigation syringe and shot the Gallium over her feed. She dug in and ate every bite. We found a way!!

Since we started the Gallium, Honey Bear is stepping lighter. She was lying down about 20 hours out of 24 hours. Now she has began to trot lightly, and she is only lying down about 4 hours out of 24 hours. A major break through in her pain control, and its not a narcotic. Her weight has increased drastically, and she is even showing a little of her old self with the rest of our horses. We are going to continue her Gallium and expect a full recovery, especially with the improvements she has made in such a short period of time. We have her two son's that are 3 and 5 years old. They are Grulla just like her, the eldest a little darker. I have wanted to possibly have a filly from her , but we would take another colt in the future and with the Gallium I feel like it is entirely possible. HB's docile traits and gentle spirit is passed to her offspring, making them excellent therapy horses.

I have many friends in this area that have aged horses, which I have recommended Gallium to and have shared my orders with. We have several that are in their late 20's, at the center that may need Gallium in their future. I will not hesitate to use it. We have 16 horses in the program and currently the only center in N.W.Oklahoma that provides equine therapy, we also rescue horses that have been abused and/or neglected and often need the help that Gallium provides and that is the return of soundness. It is remarkable and there are no side effects.

Thank you, Mr. Eby, for your work and research, you have and will make a great difference in a lot of lives. I know you have in ours!!!!

Your Friend,

Tammy Hicks, RN and Honey Bear
Trinity Equine Therapy Center & Horse Rescue
Woodward, Oklahoma

tlhicks at wildblue.net

Hi Mr. Eby, I thought you would want to know how Gallium Nitrate heals 1st 2nd and 3rd degree burns. One of our firefighters was standing close to a high pressure recirculating hose with steam and 212 degree water when the hose popped a hole and shot the high pressure steam up his pants and burned him on the back of his left leg. The burn immediately resulted in blisters and peeling layers of skin. We treated it with Silvadene Ointment Monday till Thursday. Upon dressing changes Thursday we elected to soak his telfa dressings in the 14% Gallium Nitrate and applied it over the burns further placing ABD's and secured with stockinette. He has had daily dressing changes by his wife using the same process as described. Today, 5 days after the first dressing with GN, we have full thickness skin matrix over the entire area, even over the 2nd to 3rd degree burn area. TOTALLY AWESOME!!! Before the GN dressing he had a great deal of drainage and had to have dressings changed more than twice a day. Now he is only having one change a day and no drainage. I have never seen this rapid progression in burn healing in my thirty years of nursing.

Follow-up: I had sent you a testimonial about the burn patient but I haven't written since his burn was completely healed. His 2nd to 3rd burn was completely healed 3 and 1/2 weeks form the start of the treatment with the gallium dressings. There is no scaring that usually occurs with this time of burn. TOTALLY AWESOME!! Especially where the burn was in the back of the knee area. The patient and his wife are extremely grateful in the fact that there is no scarring that will effect the flexibility of the knee. We have the final photos to share when I get them downloaded.

A very dear friend of mine burnt her arm on an electric skillet last month and her son is always at my house or close by and he ran her over to my house as soon as he could for help. The burn was on her inner wrist and was 4 inches in length and covered the entire width of the inner wrist. She had already developed a very large blister that had burst. We applied the 14% gallium nitrate soaked dressings and sent some gallium nitrate home with her so that she could continue changing the dressing a couple times a day. They were in the middle of baling and hauling hay when the accident occurred. I spoke to her two weeks later and she said you could barely tell that there had been a burn there. Her and her husband are very convinced about the healing power that the gallium nitrate contains.

As for my Lupus, I continue to have minimal arthritic pain in my joints and I have stayed off the methotrexate (which was not working, just a lot of side effects.) I very rarely have to take OTCs at all. maybe one to twice a week. What a relief. Being able to walk and jog , climb the round pen and even getting up into the pickups is pain free.


Tammy Hicks, RN

tlhicks at wildblue.net

Hi Mr. Eby, As a Registered Nurse, We have numerous patients that have been using the Gallium Nitrate orally for arthritic pain. We have only had two patients out of 14 that said they had no relief. The others are doing great. Two of these patients were literally in wheel chairs. One is now all over town without any assistance and even dancing. Another is up with a walker and out tending to his horses. He had been in the saddle 14 hours a day for 8 days at a cutting horse competition in November. He came home with a blood clot in one leg and highly irritated both legs that have excessive plates /pins and rods from old fractures. He could not even lift himself from the wheelchair in January. Vic has been working with him 3 to 4 times a week in strengthening exercises. Jim is on Coumadin and we have decreased his dosage from over 10 mg a day to 1.75mg a day, the GN is assisting in his blood thinning as well. When he has not been taking his GN regularly his clotting time increases to severe levels. When he takes both together he stays therapeutic. His hands had significantly started the arthritic deformities and they have completely stopped deforming since the start of the Gallium.

I know that for our patients with arthritis that have been prescribed every possible approved and recommended that has not been effective the Gallium Nitrate has been effective in relieving joint pain. Again as for myself, my Lupus has been in remission and the Butterfly rash on my face stays gone when I am taking the GN daily. My joint pain is minimal and I feel like my old self.

We have had no side effects in any of our patients and the average response is 3 days to one week after the initial dose.

Looks to me like gallium nitrate arthritis treatment will be a cure for arthritis. - George

I am still taking it orally as well, I have not had a flare-up with my lupus and I quit taking the Methothrexate one week after starting the Gallium. Before I could not get down on my knees without something to pull myself up with, I couldn't walk up or down steps normally, now I can get down and up normally and walk the stairs normally and I can even run a little bit again.

My adoptive mother is taking it, we did blood work one month after she started the Gallium, her ANA for Lupus was negative for the 1st time in 40 years, her triglycerides and cholesterol are both significantly lower. We have found that taking blood pressure medication needs to be taken at an alternate time to Gallium dosages. The blood pressure meds are greatly enhanced.

I just thought I would share this information with you.


Tammy Hicks, RN

tlhicks at wildblue.net

P.S. We have explained to each patient what they are taking and that it is experimental, and they have each signed releases. They are so happy to be pain free.

Looks to me like gallium nitrate lupus treatment will be a cure for lupus. - George

Mr. Eby Doc has been treating various skin disorders with success by wiping the  1 % Gallium Nitrate mixture on the lesions 2 to 3 times a day. Excema is responding extremely well on individuals that have never had any other medication give them relief. We first tried it on a 1 1/2 yr.old child's extreme excema and within days the swelling went down and the itching markedly decreased to where they could leave the child's hands unwrapped. He presented to the office with his hands wrapped in kerlex to prevent him from scratching.  We can document this further with photos if you would be interested. Just let me know. We just ordered another bottle to mix 5 gallons tonight and greatly appreciate it if you could expedite the order.  


Tammy Hicks- Mosier

tlhicks at wildblue.net

Looks to me like gallium nitrate excema treatment will be a cure for excema. - George

Mr. George Eby, I am pleased to let you know that I had gotten the 42% Gallium Nitrate to put my appaloosa mare on in Jan. 2009. She had been diagnosed severe navicular disease by the vet. Her hooves were very soft and described as, "it is like slicing into soap", by the farrier. Her horn was paper thin, peeled like an onion and sounded hollow. Walking was painful and trotting on grass, well, impossible. We could not keep shoes on her which was required by her vet. Then I met a natural trimmer who suggested that I try a different program using Gallium Nitrate. She has been documenting Flashy's improvement in her hooves and is very impressed with the difference Gallium Nitrate made. Her hooves do not sound hollow, are very strong now and the new growth is such that they require frequent trims. Joyfully, I watched her trot again. She still has a way to go but the Gallium Nitrate certainly has given me hope. I will send you another report when she is 100 % sound and ridable. A day I know is soon.

Thank you, Donna Labaw
McCormick, SC
donnalabaw at hotmail.com

Dear George, I wanted to send you a note to tell you how great the Gallium Nitrate worked for my horse. She began having soundness issues about 6-8 months ago. After lots of diagnostics and money she was diagnosed with Navicular. I was told by my vet that corrective shoeing “should” resolve the issue. I had the shoeing done but after 6-8 weeks little to no improvement was noted. I had researched navicular treatment options when she was first diagnosed and found out about Gallium Nitrate. I ran the research info by my vet and she said it looked like it may be worth trying. I ordered a 42% bottle and began giving it to my mare. She was completely sound after 2 weeks!!!!!!! I was delighted to say the least. We are back to riding with absolutely no soundness issues. I can’t thank you enough. She is only 10 years old and the only horse I ride even though I own 4. She is my partner and I was so devastated at the thought that we may not be able to ride anymore. I hope everyone that reads about this product that has a horse with navicular will give it a try…it has given us our joy back!!!!!

Robin Brooks, RN
Asheville, NC
mbrooks at octoberroadinc.com

Hi George, I have a diagnosed Navicular Syndrome gelding that I used gallium nitrate to treat. I gave him 1% gallium nitrate 2 times a day, 8oz. in the morning and 8oz. in evening meal for 3 months. It worked a miracle for him. I now only give it if I see him limping, but this is rare. I use it for wounds now and it really works a miracle there too. I had my donkey gelded and he was so swollen it was horrible. The vet said that I had to run him around and make him trot for half an hour. But, he was so sore that he just couldn't do that. I put some 42% gallium nitrate in my hand and patted it on his wound and the swelling went right down. The next day he was not swollen hardly at all. I also gave him gallium in his food too. It is the best anti-inflammatory I have ever used. Thanks, I wouldn't be without it! I have many more healing miracles with gallium. I literally can't be without it. I use it for everything, just about!

Jill Maher
Province, GA
jillmaheratlanta at live.com

Hi George, I wanted to let you know that my horse Texas is starting his second 42 day supply on the Gallium Nitrate. It took him a little longer to respond than 14 days. He took close to a whole month before we really saw a difference. He is becoming calmer and actually nicer. Last weekend we went to a team penning event and he rode twice. Which is not a lot, but I wanted to take it easy with him to start. He was GREAT!!!!!! He was ready to go, and did his job like a champion. I am so very pleased with his progress. Since our riding season here in NY is almost over, he will continue to get his Gallium Nitrate and get lots of rest over the winter months and I figure by Spring we will be looking at a new horse. Also, I wanted to let you know we took my horse Texas to penning again this past Sunday (two weeks since the first attempt) and he was awesome again. I could have cried watching him move through the arena with the grace and speed he used to have. This is really working for him and my husband and I could not be more thrilled. I think you know that this horse means the world to me and the thought of the pain he was in used to break my heart. I’ll keep you posted on his progress.

I have started telling my horse friends about your product. To most seeing is believing and now they just saw Texas run again after not being able to for over a year. I’ll keep promoting you. I think this is great and I am so very thankful to you.

Hi George, I just ordered another batch of 42% for my horse Texas. He is doing really great. I showed your product to my farrier and he is very pleased with my horse’s progress. He has always tried to be very gentle with my horse and let him rest when shoeing because of his pain from the Navicular. I usually have to walk my horse all the way down the aisle way to let him turn around to go back to his stall and this last time I turned him right around and he crossed over like a “normal” horse and had no problem. I looked at my farrier and his jaw was dropped as he watched my big guy turn right around. It is great to see the expression on people’s faces when they say “Is that Texas?” and I could cry with joy when I answer them that my boy is back and doing great. I can never thank you enough for your product and your help. Thank you so very much!

Nadine K. Poormon
Hawk Valley Stables
Marion, NY
horsesmiles at rochester.rr.com

Hi George, Captain is now trotting with no limp or bob. He actually has a nice lope when running in the pasture. He no longer points his toe and stands on all four feet squarely. Started out with 2 of the 14% gallium nitrate then bought 2 bottles of the 42%. I would say he is at 98% sound. He has been off of the gallium nitrate for 7 days now and still 98% sound. I highly recommend gallium nitrate to anyone who wants their horse to become sound and pain free. It's made a believer out of me. I don't hesitate to tell anyone with a lame horse to get them on the gallium nitrate. It also has helped with his stiff neck and now bends to both sides. I will be continuing to keep him on a maintence schedule,at least thru the winter months,and see how it goes thru winter and into spring. I Thank you for this wonderful product. I am hoping to have him re-x-rayed next year and see the progress in the x-rays.

Thank You
Brenda Grimmett
brendagrimmett at sbcglobal.net

Hello Mr. Eby, Many years ago I purchased a QH/TWH, named PC, which I rode for seven years. I was able to do everything I had always dreamed of when it came to owning my own horse – foxhunting, eventing, judged trail rides, hunter paces and just pure fun. Three years into owning PC, he was diagnosed with Navicular Disease. I had great success with elevated/bar shoes and was able to ride him without restrictions. Eventually the Navicular Disease took control and I could not get him sound for any reasonable length of time. So I pulled his shoes and retired him four years ago.

I own a second horse, Forrest (QH/TH) that I purchased three years ago. In July of 2009 he was diagnosed with navicular!!! That is when I discovered the gallium nitrate and decided to give it a try with Forrest. Forrest did not get any better with corrective shoes and the gallium nitrate. Actually, he was looking worse. I took him for an MRI and it was found not to be navicular but a collateral ligament injury of the coffin joint.

What to do with the gallium nitrate? Well, why not try it on PC? Now this is a horse that was dead lame at a walk. I gave him the remainder of what I originally had (about 30 doses) then I ordered another 42 day supply.

I would lunge him at different intervals and he seemed to me improving, much to my surprise and delight. Last week I RODE PC FOR THE FIRST TIME IN FOUR YEARS!!!! He is completely sound at a walk and trot but not yet "surefooted".

Since Forrest will be in his stall for several months, it is so wonderful to have my old friend back for leisurely rides.

Those at the barn that have known PC since I have owned him are in shock!!! They cannot believe the difference in him. Gallium Nitrate has taken a horse that was visibly lame at a walk to being completely sound. He may not return to his former athletic self, but the gallium nitrate has restored PC to a rideable, engaged horse.

Thank you for making this product available.

Kind regards,

Cheryl wist

Hampstead, MD
pwist at aol.com

George, I took my 10 yr old Quarter Horse gelding to Auburn vet hospital for a lameness exam on July 30, 2009. He has severely underslung heels, and I thought he had just gotten a stone bruise. When the vet examined him, he had a grade 3 out of 5 lameness on the right forelimb. After blocking the right forelimb, a left forelimb lameness was identified. He was found to have navicular changes in both feet as well as mild medial suspensory branch desmitis in his left forelimb. He was sent home for 6 weeks of rest.

A friend told me about the Gallium Nitrate treatment she had used with a severe navicular case in a pregnant mare she owned, so I forwarded the information to my vet and he agreed that we could try it.

Devon has been on the GN for a month now, and I have not noticed ANY lameness issues since about the 2nd week of the treatment. I have started him slowly back to work (walk/trot), and so far he is doing great. The vet said he is still supposed to be “quiet,” but today after our 40 minute work-out, Devon decided to check out the neighbor’s grass and cantered off when I had my back turned. Normally, he has been a fairly “lazy” horse, but obviously his feet seem to be feeling better. J I am excited to go back for his re-check exam next week. If the vet finds Devon doing as well as I think he is, my guess is that you will be inundated with new clients as the word gets out around Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine! Thanks so much, George!

Debi Stark
Midland City, AL
hopevalleyfarm at centurytel.net

Dear George, I have a 16 year old Hanoverian gelding who was diagnosed with Navicular Syndrome in both front feet and Degenerative Hock disease in both hind legs. We did hock injections in both hind feet but his front feet were always pointed in the paddock. I did further testing and that was when we found out about the Navicular in both front feet. It did not show up in the x-rays at the time of the DJD but it was there. I decided to try your product because I felt his quality of life was very poor. He did not move around much in the paddock. The vet said I could ride him on soft sand. As an experiment I started riding him one week before starting your product. He tripped quite a bit and had trouble keeping his balance. I started the treatment and the first week alone I noticed he tripped less. As we continued I noticed he was more fluid in his movements, he moved around more in his paddock and had a happier expression. After the third week, I could turn him around in the aisle way without him hitting his head on the wall. I am on my last dose and last night he was running a bucking after the feed cart with the yearlings. He is not sound just yet but he is putting more weight on his front feet and moving better. I just ordered a second 42% bottle because I plan to give it a try for 90 days because he is an extreme case.

I also have used the product on myself. I have extreme acne which I cannot stop picking at. It bothers me that much. If I put some on a q-tip and the on the breakout it helps calm it. I am trying to retrain myself not to touch my face by carrying this where ever I go. It is helping me.


Debra Bartlik
debrabartlik at yahoo.com

Dear George, I've used Gallium Nitrate purchased from George Eby. I had the beginnings of arthritis in my finger joints, at times so tender that I could feel some pain just typing on a computer keyboard! I wondered how I could ever defend myself with my fists were I ever actually attacked! But, just a few treatments with topical gallium and my fingers returned to near normal. It lasted for many months, even a few years. It's no problem to retreat again.

I told my sister about it, and she bought a bottle. She applied it to a hip joint that gave her minor pain for about 15 years. It was completely reversed with one treatment, and the pain did not return for several years. She will be retreating again and expects the same results!

The most amazing example of Gallium Nitrate is to visit George Eby's home in Texas and see the results on his 21 year old horse Don Dee. He was crippled from pains of navicular disease 15 years ago, and George had even been advised to put him down because of the pain. After Gallium treatment in his water, this horse runs past us like a wild stallion.

Gallium is known as a very strong anti-inflammatory in mainline medicine. The only medical use I know for Gallium Nitrate is as an injection in the blood stream of cancer patients on chemo when too much calcium is released from their bones into the blood stream. I wonder why the same treatment isn't used for osteoporosis!

As far as I know, Gallium Nitrate is the best treatment for most any inflammation. It can be used with ease with minimal to no toxicity and small amounts can last a lifetime. There is rarely a need to buy a second bottle, unless, that is, you share it with friends and relatives!

Sue Gallant
El Cajon, CA
ElCajonSue at sbcglobal.net

Hi george, I started taking Gallium Nitrate orally after visiting with my doctor and nurse, who both take Gallium Nitrate. To start with I am a professional cutting horse trainer and rancher. After years of riding bulls and horses, I have had numerous fractures in my legs with placement of rods pins and plates, that led to the development of severe arthritis. My hands were starting to be deformed from the arthritis and I had a great deal of pain in them as well. I was in a wheel chair when I found out about Gallium Nitrate. I had a bout with blood clots in both legs which eventually lead to the wheel chair. I started training with a physical trainer who also encouraged me to take the Gallium routinely. At the end of three months I was able to stand for short periods and take a few steps with a walker. I have continued taking the GN which moderately decreased the arthritic pain allowing me to continue the physical training which has led me to walking without assistance one year later. I am back on my horses and competeing in cutting events. Gallium Nitrate has made it possible for me to have a normal life again which I thought I would never have after 6 months in a wheel chair. Thank you Mr. Eby for your research.


Jim Limestall
Leedey Oklahoma
tlhicks at wildblue.net

P.S. My nurse is Tammy Hicks-Mosier and my physical trainer is her husband.

Mr. Eby, I am writing to let you know how elated I am to have discovered your website regarding treating horses with Navicular with Gallium Nitrate, as you literally saved my horses life. In February, 2010, after much frustration and various treatments from different veterinarians, I was told to humanely euthanize my horse as there was no known cure for the navicular symptoms he showed. I have a 10 year old Arab that incurred an injury to his navicular that I was told progressed into end-stage navicular in only a few short months. His veterinary diagnosis and prognosis was as follows:

This horse has a severe lameness observed at a walk. When the horse stands, the horse prefers to prop the left front leg forward. The horse is severely lame when jogged a few steps over a smooth hard surface. …, this horse has a defect in the flexor cortex of the navicular bone with surrounding sclerosis in the medullary cavity of the navicular bone and loss of the corticomedullary junction. This horse has what I consider to be end stage navicular disease and either has an adhesion between the deep digital flexor tendon or soon will have an adhesion between the deep digital flexor tendon and the navicular bone. It is possible that the horse may not have an adhesion and the pain is coming from the defect in the flexor cortex rubbing over the deep digital flexor tendon. For the horse to be this sore and uncomfortable, I believe adhesions and scar tissue are involved. Because I do not believe there is a successful treatment for the horse and based on the AAEP guidelines, I believe this horse is a candidate for humane destruction. The horse is a candidate for humane destruction because the condition is chronic and incurable, and will be a persistent source of severe discomfort for the horse in the future. "

After receiving this heartbreaking prognosis, and with nothing to lose, I decided to give your product a try in order to save my beautiful gelding. He has been on full strength dosage continuously since February and has shown remarkable recovery. He currently only shows a slight lameness and I am optimistic that he will continue to improve. When let out into his paddock he will actually leap in the air and run around, something I know he would not do if he was in extreme pain. I don’t know if he will ever be sound enough to ride again, but having him free of the pain he was in and able to run around and play, is reward enough for me.

Thank you again for discovering this wonderful product that gives new hope to horses that previously had none.

Lola Fontana
Maple Valley, WA

email: lfontana at metzlerna.com

Mr. Eby, My husband, age 62, started taking the 14% gallium nitrate mixed at 33 milliliter (ml) per 2 cups water. He took a little less than 33 ml of this deluted mixture in his orange juice each morning.  This is a little over an ounce on a kitchen measuring cup. He had broken his back in a plane crash in 1996, for which he would always have pain associated with the injury and arthritus in his injured joints. His L3, L4, and L5 are now joined with rod and screws.  His legs and hands would hurt in addition to his back.  He was taking Celebrex to help with the joint pain before, but quit taking it when he started the gallim nitrate.   He commented that he his hands and lets were feeling so much better after a week that I started taking it, too.  I just had the usual complaints for a 65 year old woman.  My foot hurt and my hand hurt all the time.  They feel great now.  Also, I didn't realize how much I was hurting, just sleeping.  I can sleep in any position now.  I used to wake up at 4 a.m., and would rather be up than in bed because my body just ached   Now, I sleep great.  If I wake up, I go right back to sleep, without hurting. I'm walking 2 miles a day.  I never could reach that point, because my feet and legs would hurt.  We have been taking the gallium nitrate faithfully for 2 months.  We haven't found any side effect as of this time.  

Thanks so much. 

Lynda Barnett

blbarnett261180 at sctelcom.net

Mr. Eby, My name is Lisa and I have a huge (18 hand) young Dutch Warmblood.  I got Winsome when he was 2 and he is now 7.  Last year Winsome got very ill and almost died of equine colitis.  Fortunately, because of the wonderful care at a local vet school, they saved Winsome’s life!  When Winsome came home he had the usual time off taking things slow.  He seemed to be so much better almost immediately, but then, after about a month, he coliced twice within a two week period and became lame.  We took x-rays of his front end to find he had some variations in the navicular bone.   We still are not sure of the cause, but the trauma to his system during his time of illness probably played a major role. 

Needless to say, I was devastated that my beautiful sweet boy may never be sound again.  It was so hard to see how uncomfortable he was and to know that my plans for him as a show horse in hunters and dressage had probably ended. We first tried injections that worked at first, but then we might as well have been shooting the injections in the air as they totally stopped working.  I did my research and found George Eby.   Although my vet suggested several options, one being nerving, which was out of the question, I felt giving the GN a shot was certainly the best option for me and for Winsome.   I started Winsome on the 42% Gallium Nitrate in April of 2010, almost 1 year after his colitis.   He has recovered in just that short period of time to about 90%.  I plan to continue to use the GN for as long as it takes, but I feel confident Winsome will be back to 100% soon.  Although I got some slack from my vet about using the GN, even he now admits he is impressed and is very happy that I tried it.  I also know of a local lady that used the GN and her horse is a 100% after being close to being put down he was so lame. 

Thank you, thank you, thank you George!!!

Lisa Kirkland-Rutherford
kirklandrealty at sbcglobal.net

Mr. Eby, My name Is George too, and I have a severe case of psoriasis on my hands. They bleed and since I am a farmer, it is not good, becasue they get infected frequently. I tried gallium nitrate diluted to about 2% on them and it worked! I won't say that gallium nitrate is the cure for psoriasis, but it is absolutely the best treatment for psoriasis that I have ever found, and I have spent tens of thousands of dollars trying to cure psoriasis over the years. In my opinion only gallium nitrate comes close to being a cure for psoriasis. It totally eliminates psoriasis for me, but it does come back occassionally at unexpected times, but treatment of psoriasis remains simple, just treat it with gallium nitrate and the psoriasis goes away again - each time and reliably.

Mr. Eby, I have a 9 year old Quarter Horse gelding that has shown signs of chronic lameness in both right and left front legs on and off during 2009. I tried massage therapy and Riva’s Remedies. The massage gave him virtually no relief. The Riva’s Remedy seemed to help marginally, as it should, being an anti-inflammatory. The lameness progressed to the point where I was unable to ride him in May 2010. I took him to Dr. Juan Garcia of Sante Fe Equine clinic. He diagnosed my gelding with navicular disease and suggested I try Gallium Nitrate 42%. I ordered the Gallium Nitrate from Texas.

I also put this gelding on a 3 week trimming program with my farrier, keeping him well balanced and able to break over easier on the toe.

I started the 6 week Gallium Nitrate treatment the middle of June. I had been unable to ride this gelding for about a month. I started to notice signs of improvement by the middle of July and began riding him. He had more energy, showed less signs of stiffness and seemed to be walking with a longer stride. The treatment finished the beginning of August. By about the 3rd week in August I saw what I thought were the beginning signs returning. I ordered another 6 week treatment. The signs did not seem to progress while I waited the 3 weeks for my order to arrive. I continued riding this gelding daily. His 2nd treatment finished in early October. I do not know if I will need to continue with this treatment or not, but I do know that I have my riding gelding back!!

In September I noticed a real change in him. He went from being the horse that was bossed around by everyone to become herd boss. He has a brighter look to him and seems overall happier.

Although I have not had him back to the clinic to be able to determine just how much he has improved radiographically, I am making my assumption from having a horse that didn’t want to walk around much, had no energy to play with his pasture mates and generally had an unhappy disposition to a daily riding gelding that is bright and alert. He now runs, bucks and plays in the pasture!!!

Marge Tyrkalo
metyrk at telus.net